Overview

Comprehensive Description

Serranus scriba (Linnaeus, 1758)

Aegean Sea : 12700-244 (1 spc), 30.01.1969 , Guemueslue Seaport , M. Demir . Mediterranean Sea : 12700-740 (1 spc), April 2003 , Iskenderun Bay , trawl , C. Dalyan .

  • Nurettin Meriç, Lütfiye Eryilmaz, Müfit Özulug (2007): A catalogue of the fishes held in the Istanbul University, Science Faculty, Hydrobiology Museum. Zootaxa 1472, 29-54: 44-44, URL:http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:428F3980-C1B8-45FF-812E-0F4847AF6786
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Biology

Found on rocky bottom and on Posidonia beds. Feed on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 5506). Also found in muddy and algal or seagrass overgrown substrates. Reported to be a simultaneous hermaphrodite, which tends to spawn from early spring to early summer (Ref. 91154).
  • Tortonese, E. 1986 Serranidae. p. 780-792. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 5506)
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Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Mauritania (Ref. 5377), including the Canary, and Azores. Also from the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
  • Tortonese, E. 1986 Serranidae. p. 780-792. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 5506)
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Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: English Channel south to Senegal; southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa north to KwaZulu-Natal (rare).
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 360 mm SL
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Max. size

36.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5506)); max. reported age: 16 years (Ref. 91154)
  • Tortonese, E. 1986 Serranidae. p. 780-792. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 5506)
  • Zorica, B., A. Pallaoro, G. Sinov?i? and V. ?ikes Ke? 2010 Recent data of maximum age and length of painted comber Serranus scriba (Linnaeus, 1758) in Mediterranean Sea. Acta Adriat. 51(2):223-226. (Ref. 91154)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 5 - 150 m (Ref. 27000), usually ? - 30 m (Ref. 91154)
  • Zorica, B., A. Pallaoro, G. Sinov?i? and V. ?ikes Ke? 2010 Recent data of maximum age and length of painted comber Serranus scriba (Linnaeus, 1758) in Mediterranean Sea. Acta Adriat. 51(2):223-226. (Ref. 91154)
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Depth range based on 52 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 33 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 3 - 555
  Temperature range (°C): 2.071 - 18.797
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.016 - 14.983
  Salinity (PPS): 31.783 - 37.969
  Oxygen (ml/l): 5.194 - 7.717
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.094 - 1.113
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.178 - 10.538

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 3 - 555

Temperature range (°C): 2.071 - 18.797

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.016 - 14.983

Salinity (PPS): 31.783 - 37.969

Oxygen (ml/l): 5.194 - 7.717

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.094 - 1.113

Silicate (umol/l): 1.178 - 10.538
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 150m.
Recorded at 150 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Trophic Strategy

Occurs on the shelf to about 150 m, on rocks and Posidonia beds. Feeds on fishes and crustaceans.
  • Tortonese, E. 1986 Serranidae. p. 780-792. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 5506)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Serranus scriba

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Serranus scriba

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 21
Specimens with Barcodes: 24
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; price category: medium; price reliability: questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this genus
  • Smith, C.L. 1981 Serranidae. In W. Fischer, G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Central Atlantic; fishing areas 34, 47 (in part). Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada and FAO. Vol. 4. pag. var. (Ref. 2739)
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