Overview

Comprehensive Description

Serranus scriba (Linnaeus, 1758)

Aegean Sea : 12700-244 (1 spc), 30.01.1969 , Guemueslue Seaport , M. Demir . Mediterranean Sea : 12700-740 (1 spc), April 2003 , Iskenderun Bay , trawl , C. Dalyan .

  • Nurettin Meriç, Lütfiye Eryilmaz, Müfit Özulug (2007): A catalogue of the fishes held in the Istanbul University, Science Faculty, Hydrobiology Museum. Zootaxa 1472, 29-54: 44-44, URL:http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:428F3980-C1B8-45FF-812E-0F4847AF6786
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Biology

Found on rocky bottom and on Posidonia beds. Feed on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 5506). Also found in muddy and algal or seagrass overgrown substrates. Reported to be a simultaneous hermaphrodite, which tends to spawn from early spring to early summer (Ref. 91154).
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Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Mauritania (Ref. 5377), including the Canary, Azores and Madeira islands. Also from the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
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Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: English Channel south to Senegal; southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa north to KwaZulu-Natal (rare).
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 360 mm SL
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Max. size

36.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5506)); max. reported age: 16 years (Ref. 91154)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 5 - 150 m (Ref. 27000), usually ? - 30 m (Ref. 91154)
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Depth range based on 52 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 33 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 3 - 555
  Temperature range (°C): 2.071 - 18.797
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.016 - 14.983
  Salinity (PPS): 31.783 - 37.969
  Oxygen (ml/l): 5.194 - 7.717
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.094 - 1.113
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.178 - 10.538

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 3 - 555

Temperature range (°C): 2.071 - 18.797

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.016 - 14.983

Salinity (PPS): 31.783 - 37.969

Oxygen (ml/l): 5.194 - 7.717

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.094 - 1.113

Silicate (umol/l): 1.178 - 10.538
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 150m.
Recorded at 150 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Trophic Strategy

Occurs on the shelf to about 150 m, on rocks and Posidonia beds. Feeds on fishes and crustaceans.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Serranus scriba

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Serranus scriba

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 21
Specimens with Barcodes: 24
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; price category: medium; price reliability: questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this genus
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Wikipedia

Painted comber

The painted comber (Serranus scriba) is a subtropical marine fish, classified in family Serranidae, the groupers and sea basses. It is found in the eastern Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Black Sea. Confusingly, a synonym of this species is Perca marina, but that name (as Sebastes marinus) has incorrectly been used for a separate species, the rose fish.

Description[edit]

The painted comber is orange to red in color with bluish to brown vertical stripes. It grows to a length of 28 centimetres (11 in)

Habitat and feeding[edit]

Serranus scriba spends much of its time in rocky caves. It is usually solitary or in small groups. It comes out of hiding around dusk to feed on various crustaceans, fishes, and worms.[1]

Reproduction[edit]

These fish are hermaphrodites and can fertilize themselves. Spawning is seasonal and controlled by the moon's phase.[2]

Human use[edit]

The painted comber has minor commercial value, and, much like other species of Serranus, is considered to have tasty flesh.

Parasites[edit]

As most fish species, the painted comber harbours internal and external parasites.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.weheartdiving.com/painted-comber-serranus-scriba/
  2. ^ http://www.whatsthatfish.com/fish/painted-comber/2246
  3. ^ Chaabane, Amira & Neifar, Lassad 2014: [Use of parasites for the evaluation of the impact of fisheries on populations of Serranus scriba (Pisces, Teleostei)] Utilisation des parasites pour l'évaluation de l'impact des pêcheries côtières sur les populations du serran Serranus scriba (Pisces, Téléostéen). Poster presented at Congress of Société Française de Parasitologie, Reims, France, 21-22 Mai 2014. doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.1086170


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