Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits coastal reefs in 1-10 m, resembles algal-covered rock (Ref 90102).
  • Pietsch, T.W. and D.B. Grobecker 1987 Frogfishes of the world. Systematics, zoogeography, and behavioral ecology. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 420 p. (Ref. 6773)
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Distribution

Western Central Pacific: Sulu Sea of Indonesia and Philippines.
  • Pietsch, T.W. and D.B. Grobecker 1987 Frogfishes of the world. Systematics, zoogeography, and behavioral ecology. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 420 p. (Ref. 6773)
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Western Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 13; Analsoft rays: 6 - 8
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Size

Maximum size: 91 mm SL
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Max. size

9.1 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 6773))
  • Pietsch, T.W. and D.B. Grobecker 1987 Frogfishes of the world. Systematics, zoogeography, and behavioral ecology. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 420 p. (Ref. 6773)
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Diagnostic Description

Description: Characterized by mottled green color; membrane between each pair of caudal fin rays with row of 2-4 dark-edged, large white spots; unbranched pelvic rays; illicium almost twice as long as second dorsal spines, 21.6-36.4 % SL; with dermal spinules covering illicium; greatly reduced esca; close-set, bifurcate dermal spinules covering skin; no caudal peduncle (Ref 90102).
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 90102)
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 5 - 5
  Temperature range (°C): 28.103 - 28.103
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.539 - 0.539
  Salinity (PPS): 34.118 - 34.118
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.441 - 4.441
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.130 - 0.130
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.356 - 2.356
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous.
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Lophiocharon lithinostomus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

TGATTCTTTTCTACAAACCACAAAGACATTGGCACCCTTTACCTAATCTTCGGTGCATGAGCCGGCATAGTAGGAACAGCCCTC---AGCCTCCTTATTCGTGCAGAACTAAGTCAGCCAGGCGCACTTCTTGGAGAC---GACCAAATCTACAATGTTATCGTTACAGCCCACGCCTTCGTAATAATCTTCTTCATAGTAATACCCATCATAATTGGAGGCTTCGGCAACTGACTTGTCCCCCTAATA---ATTGGAGCCCCTGACATAGCCTTCCCTCGCATGAATAACATAAGCTTCTGACTCCTTCCCCCCTCCTTCCTCCTCCTCCTCGCATCCTCTGACATCGAAGCCGGAGCAGGCACGGGCTGAACTGTCTACCCACCCCTTGCAGGCAACTTAGCCCACGCAGGAGCCTCCGTCGATCTG---ACCATTTTTTCCCTCCACCTAGCCGGGGTCTCCTCAATTCTTGGCGCCATCAACTTTATTACCACCATCCTTAACATAAAACCCCCAGCCCTAACACAATACCAAACCCCATTATTCGTCTGAGCCGTCCTTGTAACCGCCGTCCTGCTACTCTTATCCCTCCCTGTTCTTGCCGCC---GGAATCACAATGCTCCTCACCGATCGAAACTTAAATACCACATTCTTCGACCCT---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------GTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lophiocharon lithinostomus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest
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