Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs over coral and rocky bottoms on the mainland coast and at or off coastal islands; solitary or in groups of up to 6 individuals on coral heads, among crustose algae and encrusting sponges, or near sea urchins, seeking protection among the spines. Cleans other fishes, e.g. the blenniid Ophioblennius atlanticus, pomacentrid Abudefduf saxatilis, and the serranid Mytoperca rubra.
  • Sazima, I., R.L. Moura and R.S. Rosa 1996 Elacatinus figaro sp. n. (Perciformes: Gobiidae), a new cleaner goby from the coast of Brazil. Aqua J. Ichthyol. Aquat. Biol. 2(3):33-52. (Ref. 27343)
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Distribution

Southwest Atlantic: Brazil.
  • Sazima, I., R.L. Moura and R.S. Rosa 1996 Elacatinus figaro sp. n. (Perciformes: Gobiidae), a new cleaner goby from the coast of Brazil. Aqua J. Ichthyol. Aquat. Biol. 2(3):33-52. (Ref. 27343)
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Southwestern Atlantic: Brazil.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 33.7 mm SL
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Max. size

3.4 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 27343)); 2.53 cm SL (female)
  • Sazima, I., R.L. Moura and R.S. Rosa 1996 Elacatinus figaro sp. n. (Perciformes: Gobiidae), a new cleaner goby from the coast of Brazil. Aqua J. Ichthyol. Aquat. Biol. 2(3):33-52. (Ref. 27343)
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Type Information

Paratype for Elacatinus figaro
Catalog Number: USNM 342126
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): I. Sazima, R. Moura & C. Sazima
Locality: Pedra Do Navio, Ilha Anchieta, Ubatuba, Sao Paulo, Brasil, Brazil, Atlantic
Depth (m): 5 to 5
  • Paratype: April 1997. Aqua: Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology. 2 (3): 33-38.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 3 - 20 m (Ref. 27343)
  • Sazima, I., R.L. Moura and R.S. Rosa 1996 Elacatinus figaro sp. n. (Perciformes: Gobiidae), a new cleaner goby from the coast of Brazil. Aqua J. Ichthyol. Aquat. Biol. 2(3):33-52. (Ref. 27343)
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Depth range based on 59 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 4 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2.25 - 37
  Temperature range (°C): 26.267 - 26.401
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.435 - 0.700
  Salinity (PPS): 37.096 - 37.169
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.706 - 4.731
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.099 - 0.108
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.514 - 2.517

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2.25 - 37

Temperature range (°C): 26.267 - 26.401

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.435 - 0.700

Salinity (PPS): 37.096 - 37.169

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.706 - 4.731

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.099 - 0.108

Silicate (umol/l): 1.514 - 2.517
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 3 - 20m.
From 3 to 20 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
  • Sazima, I., R.L. Moura and R.S. Rosa 1996 Elacatinus figaro sp. n. (Perciformes: Gobiidae), a new cleaner goby from the coast of Brazil. Aqua J. Ichthyol. Aquat. Biol. 2(3):33-52. (Ref. 27343)
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