endemic to a single nation
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Type of Residency: Year-round
Global Range: (20,000-200,000 square km (about 8000-80,000 square miles)) This species is endemic to the Apalachicola River drainage (exclusive of Chipola River system), Florida, Alabama, and Georgia, USA (Boschung and Mayden 2004, Page and Burr 2011), including the upper and middle Chattahoochee and middle Flint rivers, lowermost parts of their tributaries, and upper Apalachicola River. The species formerly was present at shoals now inundated by fifteen large impoundments. A record from the Escambia River is not considered valid (Mayden 1989).
- Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr 1991 A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
Length: 7 cm
Catalog Number: USNM 171351
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): H. Winn & R. Rosania
Year Collected: 1952
Locality: Georgia: Flint River, About 1 mi. S. of Radium Springs Outlet, Below Merk Co. Outlet About 5 mi. S. of Albany, Dougherty County, Dougherty County, Georgia, United States, North America
Habitat and Ecology
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Comments: Habitat includes large creeks and alluvial rivers with open, sand- or rock-bottomed channels with flowing water and little or no aquatic vegetation (Lee et al. 1980, Boschung and Mayden 2004, Page and Burr 2011). Eggs are laid in crevices.
Depth range (m): 1.255 - 1.255
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.
Number of Occurrences
Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.
Estimated Number of Occurrences: 6 - 20
Comments: This species is represented by at least several distinct occurrences (subpopulations) in Georgia and additional occurrences in Alabama and Florida.
Comments: Total adult population size is unknown This species can be abundant where surviving.
Life History and Behavior
Spawns probably late April-August (with June peak) in Uchee Creek, Alabama; males maintain territories near spawning crevices; multiple females may lay in a single site (Wallace and Ramsey 1981).
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cyprinella callitaenia
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- Needs updating
- 1994Vulnerable(Groombridge 1994)
- 1990Vulnerable(IUCN 1990)
- 1988Vulnerable(IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
- 1986Vulnerable(IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N2 - Imperiled
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G2 - Imperiled
Reasons: Endemic to the Apalachicola River drainage in Florida, Alabama, and Georgia; small number of occurrences; significant reduction of habitat has occurred, and existing occurrences could be threatened in the future by further habitat alteration.
Global Short Term Trend: Decline of 10-30%
Comments: Trend over the past three generations (roughly 10 years) is unknown but probably slowly declining.
Degree of Threat: B : Moderately threatened throughout its range, communities provide natural resources that when exploited alter the composition and structure of the community over the long-term, but are apparently recoverable
Comments: Habitat in lower Chattahoochee has been reduced by impoundments, although the species apparently can adapt to some degree to reservoir conditions (Mettee et al. 1996). Threats also include pollution and siltation.
Biological Research Needs: Better information is needed on natural history, distribution, and trend.
Global Protection: Unknown whether any occurrences are appropriately protected and managed
Comments: No Managed Area adequately protects the riverine habitat occupied by this species, although some in Florida (see ESR) protect segments of shoreline. However, water quality is subject to external influences.
Needs: Ecological integrity of Apalachicola River drainage needs to be maintained by limiting habitat alteration and pollution.
- Gimenez Dixon, M. 1996. Cyprinella callitaenia. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 19 July 2007.
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Names and Taxonomy
Comments: Removed from genus Notropis and placed in genus (formerly subgenus) Cyprinella by Mayden (1989); this change was adopted in the 1991 AFS checklist (Robins et al. 1991). Cases of hybridization with C. venusta and C. lutrensis have been reported (see Mayden 1989).