Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: pompano (English), pámpano (Espanol)
 
Trachinotus stilbe  (Jordan & McGregor in Jordan & Evermann, 1898)


Steel pompano



Body a slender oval, strongly compressed; snout rounded; top jaw extendible; jaw teeth, if present, in narrow bands; gill rakers (excluding rudiments) short 43-53;  dorsal fin with VI short, stout, semi-isolated spines (1st  often imbedded) before main part of fin; dorsal rays VI + I, 25-26; anal rays II + I, 24-25; dorsal & anal fins without isolated finlets behind, with very low lobes at front; base of anal about same length as that of soft dorsal; pectoral fin < head length; pelvics tiny; tail base without notches above & below;  lateral line ~straight; no scutes (hard, spiny scales) on lateral line; body scales oval.

Silvery white sides and belly, with dark margins on the caudal fin; live individuals with a distinctive white bar down the rear of the head. 


Attains a maximum length of at least 47 cm, common to 30 cm.

Habitat: pelagic; forms large schools, which churn up the surface while feeding.

Depth: 0-25 m.



Known only from the tropical eastern Pacific; at the oceanic islands and on the coasts of Costa Rica and western Panama.
   
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Biology

Found near islands (Ref. 9283). Generally forms big schools (Ref. 9283). It is not the object of direct fishing activities (Ref. 9283).
  • Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1995 Carangidae. Jureles, pámpanos, cojinúas, zapateros, cocineros, casabes, macarelas, chicharros, jorobados, medregales, pez pilota. p. 940-986. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9283)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9283&speccode=367 External link.
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Distribution

Range Description

This tropical eastern Pacific species is primarily found around the oceanic islands and from scattered records along the coasts of Costa Rica and western Panama.
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Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic

Regional Endemism: All species, TEP endemic, TEP oceanic island (s) endemic, Multiple oceanic islands endemic, Continent + Island (s), Continent, Island (s)

Residency: Resident

Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
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Eastern Pacific: Ecuador and Peru, including the Revillagigedo and Galapagos islands.
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Eastern Pacific.
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Depth

Depth Range (m): 0 (S) - 25 (S)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Size

Length max (cm): 47.0 (S)
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Size

Maximum size: 340 mm FL
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Max. size

34.0 cm FL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9283))
  • Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1995 Carangidae. Jureles, pámpanos, cojinúas, zapateros, cocineros, casabes, macarelas, chicharros, jorobados, medregales, pez pilota. p. 940-986. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9283)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9283&speccode=367 External link.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This pelagic species is found near oceanic islands, and generally forms large schools (Smith-Vaniz 1995). It is found to 25m.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

pelagic-neritic; marine; depth range 0 - 6 m (Ref. 5227)
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Depth: 0 - 6m.
Recorded at 6 meters.

Habitat: pelagic.
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Salinity: Marine, Marine Only

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Surface, Near Surface, Mid Water, Water column only

Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom), Water column

FishBase Habitat: Pelagic
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Trophic Strategy

Feeding

Feeding Group: Carnivore

Diet: Pelagic crustacea, bony fishes
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Life History and Behavior

Reproduction

Egg Type: Pelagic, Pelagic larva
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trachinotus stilbe

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Smith-Vaniz, B, Robertson, R. & Dominici-Arosemena, A.

Reviewer/s
Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is found almost entirely around the offshore islands in the tropical eastern Pacific, and can be locally common. There are no major threats to this species, and no current indication of widespread population decline. It is listed as Least Concern.
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IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for this species. This species is locally common.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no region-wide major threats for this species.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, the majority of this species' distribution includes a number of Marine Protected Areas in the tropical eastern Pacific region.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; price category: medium; price reliability: questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this genus
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