Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in shelf and slope waters, depending on seasonal lower bottom water temperatures. Feeds on crustaceans and bony fishes (Ref. 3167). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205).
  • McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn 1998 Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)
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Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: Tunisia and coast of Mauritania. Raja africana Capapé, 1977 is a homonym, being preoccupied by Raja africana Bloch & Schneider, 1801(Ref. 26282) and thus needs a replacement name. Validity of this species questioned in Compagno's 1999 checklist (Ref. 35766).
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Southwestern Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Mauritania.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 800 mm TL
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Max. size

80.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4426))
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 50 - 400 m (Ref. 4426)
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Depth: 50 - 400m.
From 50 to 400 meters.

Habitat: demersal. Found in shelf and slope waters, depending on seasonal lower bottom water temperatures. Feeds on crustaceans and bony fishes. Oviparous.
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Trophic Strategy

Found in shelf and slope waters, depending on seasonal lower bottom water temperatures. Feeds on crustaceans and bony fishes.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous (Ref. 3167). Paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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