IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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Description

  Common names: butterfish (English), palometa (Espanol)
 
Peprilus simillimus (Ayres, 1860)


Pacific butterfish,     Pacific pompano


Body highly compressed, an elongate oval; shallow to moderately deep body (depth 37-52% of SL); eye large, surrounded by a fatty right; snout ~ eye length or longer, mouth small, oblique, ends before or under front of eye; jaw teeth compressed, 3-pointed, in 1 row, no teeth on roof of mouth;  gill rakers 23-27; dorsal and anal fins long based, front lobes only slightly raised in a blunt point, anal much lower than dorsal; dorsal rays III, 45 (41-48); anal rays II, 40 (35-44);  no pelvic fins but a small spine projecting from pelvis; pectorals long and pointed, 19-23, usually 21 rays;  tail fin deeply forked, stiff; scales very small, smooth, very easily shed; dorsal and anal fins covered with scales; lateral line high, follows upper body profile, almost complete; 30-31 vertebrae.


Iridescent blue-green above, silvery below.


Size: attains 36cm.

Inhabits sand bottoms of exposed coasts.

Depth: 9-91 m.

British Columbia to southern Baja and the west and northeast of the Gulf of California.

   

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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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