Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs in lakes and in water courses at high altitudes and on low plains, with little current (Ref. 26100). Inhabits streams with clear water. Enters subterranean waters in karstic areas. Ripe individuals are encountered in May (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to pollution and habitat destruction (Ref. 26100).
  • Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof 2007 Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)
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Distribution

Range Description

It is restricted to karstic streams and springs in the Musica river, Nevesinjsko polje, Gatacko Polje, Cernicko Polje, Dabarsko Polje and Ljuta river in southern Dalmatia, Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.
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Europe: streams and springs in Nevesinje, Gacko, Cernica and Dabar poljes, probably also Lukovac polje in Bosnia-Herzegovina; recorded in 1901 from Ljuta drainage in southern Croatia, not seen there since.
  • Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof 2007 Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Vertebrae: 38 - 41
  • Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof 2007 Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)
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Size

Max. size

10.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043))
  • Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof 2007 Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnosed from its congeners by having the following characters: very thin, not overlapping scales; entire body covered by scales, often not overlapping, especially in pre-pelvic area; narrow dark midlateral stripe from opercle to caudal base, separated from dark area on back by an unpigmentd stripe; dorsal fin with 7-8½ branched rays; anal fin with 8½ branched rays; snout stout, markedly rounded, mouth subterminal; skin not thickened, scales distinct; lateral line usually almost complete, if interrupted, only narrowly in a few places, with 51-70 total scales (Ref. 59043).
  • Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof 2007 Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It lives in rivers, springs and caves in the karst region.

Systems
  • Freshwater
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Environment

benthopelagic; freshwater
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Telestes metohiensis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Telestes metohiensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
B1ab(ii,iii)+2ab(ii,iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2006

Assessor/s
Crivelli, A.J.

Reviewer/s
Freyhof, J. & Bogutskaya, N. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)

Contributor/s

Justification
P. metohiensis has an extent of occurrence (EOO) <20,000 km² (area of occupancy (AOO) <500 km²) and is found in at least five and no more than 10 locations (karstic streams and springs in southern Dalmatia). There is a continuing decline in habitat quality in some areas due to pollution leading to eutrophication and a decline in AOO due to water extraction and drought.

History
  • 1996
    Vulnerable
    (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)
  • 1996
    Vulnerable
  • 1996
    Vulnerable
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Population

Population
No data.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
Water extraction and pollution. Introduction of exotic fish species (trout).
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Vulnerable (VU) (B1ab(ii,iii)+2ab(ii,iii))
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest
  • Crivelli, A.J. 1996 The freshwater fish endemic to the Mediterranean region. An action plan for their conservation. Tour du Valat Publication, 171 p. (Ref. 26100)
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Wikipedia

Telestes metohiensis

Telestes metohiensis is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family. It is found in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. Its natural habitats are freshwater springs and inland karsts. It is threatened by habitat loss.

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