Overview

Distribution

Western Central Atlantic: Bahamas, Greater Antilles, and south through the Lesser Antilles to Tobago. Also Belize, Honduras and Providencia Island off Nicaragua.
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Western Atlantic.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8 - 9; Analspines: 1; Analsoft rays: 7 - 8
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Diagnostic Description

Dark bands lacking a pale central area; width of pale bands equal to or greater than width of dark bands; color pattern on cheeks usually consisting of two bars or spots arranged in bars under the eye, spaces between posteriormost bar and preopercular margin usually lacking spots; pectoral fin base with a single spot, usually located on central or lower portion of base, often extending anteriorly toward opercular membrane; pectoral fin rays modally 15 (Ref. 34188).
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Type Information

Holotype for Leptophilypnus crocodilus
Catalog Number: USNM 170905
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Radiograph
Year Collected: 1927
Locality: Haiti, Port-Au-Prince Bay, Lamentin Reef, Hispaniola, Haiti, Greater Antilles, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic
  • Holotype:
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 18 m (Ref. 34188), usually 5 - 18 m (Ref. 34188)
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Depth range based on 38 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 38 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.65 - 21
  Temperature range (°C): 27.388 - 27.601
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.174 - 1.474
  Salinity (PPS): 34.217 - 35.410
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.543 - 4.687
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.081 - 0.176
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.021 - 2.813

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.65 - 21

Temperature range (°C): 27.388 - 27.601

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.174 - 1.474

Salinity (PPS): 34.217 - 35.410

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.543 - 4.687

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.081 - 0.176

Silicate (umol/l): 2.021 - 2.813
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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