Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

FishBase

Name Relationship
Scophthalmus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred
Pleuronectes cyclops Donovan, 1806 Synonym
Pleuronectes maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814) Misapplied name
Pleuronectes maximus Linnaeus, 1758
Pleuronectes turbot Lacepède, 1802
Psetta maeotica (non Pallas, 1814)
Psetta maxima (Linnaeus, 1758)
Psetta maxima maxima (Linnaeus, 1758)
Rhombus aculeatus Gottsche, 1835
Rhombus maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814)
Rhombus magnus Minding, 1832
Rhombus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Rhombus stellosus Bennett, 1835 Ambiguous synonym
Scophthalmus maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814)
Scophthalmus ponticus Ninni, 1932

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Scophthalmus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred
Psetta maxima maxima (Linnaeus, 1758)
Pleuronectes maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814)
Pleuronectes cyclops Donovan, 1806
Rhombus magnus Minding, 1832
Scophthalmus ponticus Ninni, 1932
Scophthalmus maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814)
Psetta maeotica (non Pallas, 1814)
Rhombus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Pleuronectes maximus Linnaeus, 1758
Rhombus maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814)
Rhombus aculeatus Gottsche, 1835
Psetta maxima (Linnaeus, 1758)
Pleuronectes turbot Lacepède, 1802
Rhombus stellosus Bennett, 1835

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Psetta maxima (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred
Scophthalmus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758) Subsequent name/combination
Pleuronectes maximus Linnaeus, 1758 Original name/combination

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Scophthalmus maximus Preferred
Pleuronectes maximus
Psetta maxima
Rhombus maximus
Psetta maxima (Linnaeus, 1758) Authority
Scophthalmus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Scopthalmus maximus Misspelling

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