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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs in coastal reefs, along deep slopes, usually in small aggregations. Also Ref. 48635.
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Distribution

Western Pacific: Taiwan (Ref. 5193), Philippines, Indonesia, and the northern Great Barrier Reef.
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Western Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15 - 17; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 7
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Size

Maximum size: 145 mm TL
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Max. size

14.5 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334))
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 10 - 60 m (Ref. 9710), usually 25 - 45 m (Ref. 27115)
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Depth range based on 3 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 24 - 56
  Temperature range (°C): 26.287 - 26.287
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.822 - 0.822
  Salinity (PPS): 34.753 - 34.753
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.544 - 4.544
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.189 - 0.189
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.817 - 3.817

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 24 - 56
 
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Depth: 10 - 60m.
From 10 to 60 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Found inshore (Ref. 75154). In coral reefs over 15 m deep (Ref. 9137).
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
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Disclaimer

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