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| Common names: soapfish (English), jabonero (Espanol) |
Rypticus nigripinnis Gill, 1861
Twice-spotted soapfish, Blackfin soapfish
Elongate, very compressed; forehead oblique; snout short (6% of SL) a slightly projecting lower jaw without fleshy knob at front; juvenile and adult with four large, oval pores along preopercular margin and four pores on each side of ventral surface of lower jaw (except in specimens less than 65 mm SL posterior most pore may be divided into a few small pores); simple teeth in bands on jaws; gill rakers 7-10 (usually 8); 2 pairs of nostrils, anterior tubular; simple teeth in bands on jaws; 2-3 spines on preopercle; 3 spines on operculum; gill opening restricted above, most of upper part of operculum bound to body by skin; dorsal fin II (rarely III) spines, 24-28 rays; anal fin without spines, 14-18 rays; pectoral rays 15-17; median fins thick, fleshy; rounded tail and pectoral fins; scales imbedded.
Generally brown with numerous yellow-tan ocellated spots and blotches an body and fin; specimens under 2-3 cm are brown dorsally and yellowish white below with a pair of pale stripes behind eye, the lowermost extending to caudal fin base; the dorsal and anal fins of juveniles have prominent yellow bands basally and the dark tail fin is edged with yellow; larger juveniles and subadults usually have at least some of the pale blotches and spots with dark centers.
Size: to 35 cm.
Habitat: on reefs, also soft bottoms near beaches and estuaries.
Depth: 0-70 m.
Southern Baja to Gulf of California to Peru, Malpelo and the Galapagos.