Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: cardinalfish (English), cardenal (Espanol)
 
Apogon dovii Günther, 1861


Tailspot cardinalfish,     Onespot cardinalfish



Body oblong, compressed; head large, snout short; eye large; teeth small, no canines, usually present on center and sides of roof of mouth; gill rakers (including rudiments) 5 + 13-14; preopercle serrated, lower membranous flap not extending beyond edge of preoperculum; dorsal rays VI + I, 9; anal rays II, 8; pectoral rays 11-12; tail fin moderately concave; body scales rough; last few scales on tail fin; a row of scales along center of nape; lateral line complete, extends onto base of tail fin; lateral-line scales 23-27.  



Red with large black spot at base of tail fin; a broad dusky stripe on snout and continued behind eye to edge of gill cover; also a narrow dusky stripe sometimes present on front half of lateral line; a pair of silvery-white stripes through eye.


Maximum size to about 10 cm.

Inhabits rock and coral reefs.

Depth 3-45 m.

SE Gulf of California to central Peru, the Revillagigedos, Galapagos and Cocos.   
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is present in the eastern Pacific from Mazatlân, Mexico to central Peru, as well as in the Galapagos and Cocos.
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Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic

Regional Endemism: All species, TEP endemic, Continent + Island (s), Continent, Island (s)

Residency: Resident

Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo), South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
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Eastern Pacific: Mazatlán, Mexico to Peru.
  • Thomson, D.A. 1987 Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez. The rocky-shore fishes of the Gulf of California. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson. 302 p. (Ref. 5592)
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Eastern Pacific.
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Depth

Depth Range (m): 3 (S) - 45 (S)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Size

Length max (cm): 10.0 (S)
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Size

Maximum size: 75 mm TL
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Max. size

7.5 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2272))
  • Burgess, W.E., H.R. Axelrod and R.E. Hunziker III 1990 Dr. Burgess's Atlas der Meerwasser Aquarium Fische. Bede Verlag, Kollnburg, Germany.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This is a reef-associated species. It mainly inhabits rocks, but is also occurs on coral reefs. It is present from 3-45m. It is a mouthbrooder.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

reef-associated; marine
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Depth range based on 55 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 5 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.5 - 65.5
  Temperature range (°C): 22.344 - 23.233
  Nitrate (umol/L): 4.634 - 6.523
  Salinity (PPS): 34.347 - 34.632
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.215 - 4.710
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.643 - 0.824
  Silicate (umol/l): 4.346 - 5.791

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.5 - 65.5

Temperature range (°C): 22.344 - 23.233

Nitrate (umol/L): 4.634 - 6.523

Salinity (PPS): 34.347 - 34.632

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.215 - 4.710

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.643 - 0.824

Silicate (umol/l): 4.346 - 5.791
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Salinity: Marine, Marine Only

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Near Bottom, Bottom, Bottom + water column

Habitat: Reef (rock &/or coral), Reef only, Rocks, Corals, Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)

FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated
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Trophic Strategy

Planktivore (Ref. 57615).
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Feeding

Feeding Group: Planktivore

Diet: zooplankton, pelagic fish eggs, pelagic fish larvae
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
  • Thresher, R.E. 1984 Reproduction in reef fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Neptune City, New Jersey. 399 p. (Ref. 240)
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Reproduction

Egg Type: Brooded, Pelagic larva
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Apogon dovii

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

GGAATGGTGGGGACGGCCCTAAGCCTACTCATTCGAGCCGAGCTAAGCCAGCCCGGAGCCCTTCTTGGCGACGACCAAATTTACAACGTAATTGTTACGGCGCATGCGTTCGTAATAATCTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAATTATGATTGGAGGCTTTGGAAACTGACTAATCCCCCTAATGATTGGAGCCCCCGATATAGCATTCCCTCGAATAAACAATATGAGCTTTTGGCTCCTCCCTCCCTCATTTATTCTACTACTTGCCTCTTCAGGCGTAGAAGCAGGTGCAGGAACCGGATGGACGGTTTACCCCCCTCTTGCAGGAAACCTCGCCCATGCGGGAGCCTCTGTTGATTTAACCATCTTCTCCCTTCACCTGGCGGGTATTTCCTCTATCCTTGGTGCTATTAATTTTATTACTACAATCACTAACATGAAACCCCCAGGAATCACCCAGTATCAAACTCCCCTATTTGTCTGAGCTGTCCTGATCACGGCTGTTCTCCTTCTATTGTCCCTTCCTGTTCTAGCCGCTGGTATCACGATGCTCCTTACAGACCGTAACTTAAATACTACCTTCTTTGACCCTGCAGGAGGTGGAGANCCAATCCTANACNAGCACTTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Apogon dovii

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Smith-Vaniz, B., Bussing, W., Salas, E. & Guzman-Mora, A.G.

Reviewer/s
Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This is a common and widespread species with no known threats. Therefore, this species is listed as Least Concern.
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IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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Population

Population
This is very common in Costa Rica. There is no other population information for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats known for this species.
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Least Concern (LC)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, this species' distribution includes a number of Marine Protected Areas in the tropical eastern Pacific region.
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