Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits quiet (Ref. 30573) seagrass beds and algal flats.
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is found in the eastern Mediterranean (a Lessepian migrant from the Red Sea) (Golani et al. 2006), from Turkey, Greece and Cyprus (Kaya et al. 2000, Taskavak et al. 2000, Corsini and Economidis 1999, Golani and Sonin 1992, Randall 1981). Its native range is in the western Indian Ocean from the Red Sea and the eastern coast of Africa southwards to Durban, South Africa, and around Madagascar and adjacent Indian Ocean Islands.
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Western Indian Ocean: south to Durban, South Africa. Eastern Mediterranean: Mersin and Iskendrun Bay.
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Red Sea, Western Indian Ocean: East Africa to Réunion, Mauritius (western Mascarenes), Comores, Madagascar, Seychelles and Cargados Carajos; Mediterranean Sea immigrant.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8 - 9; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8 - 9
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Size

Maximum size: 150 mm TL
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Max. size

15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4392))
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Diagnostic Description

Back flank and nape brown-red; ventral brown orange. Anal and ventral fin light with brown margin. Black blotch on opercle slightly lower than eye. Orange eye with dark pupil (Ref. 37421).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits seagrass beds at depths from 0.5-28 m (Randall 1981).

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

demersal; marine
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Depth range based on 8 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 6 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2 - 29
  Temperature range (°C): 26.041 - 27.348
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.052 - 0.376
  Salinity (PPS): 34.825 - 35.125
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.660 - 4.713
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.163 - 0.241
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.155 - 4.102

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2 - 29

Temperature range (°C): 26.041 - 27.348

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.052 - 0.376

Salinity (PPS): 34.825 - 35.125

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.660 - 4.713

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.163 - 0.241

Silicate (umol/l): 3.155 - 4.102
 
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Sadovy, Y., Pollard, D. & Rocha, L.A.

Reviewer/s
Craig, M.T. & Carpenter, K.E.

Contributor/s

Justification
This is a small, cryptic and wide ranging species. There are no known major threats except from some minor utilization in the aquarium trade. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for this species. It is likely common in some parts of its range.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats known to this species.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. However, its distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
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