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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found near shore on sandy-mud bottoms (Ref. 11230, 30573). Reported to occur offshore (Ref. 58784). Feeds on small benthic animals. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). The best edible fish in the family, served in raw slices or hard boiled with seasonings (Ref. 637). Dried fins used for shark-fin soup (Ref. 30573).
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Distribution

Western Pacific: Korea to Australia. Records from India and Oman may not be this species.
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Western Pacific; possibly Indian Ocean.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 1000 mm TL
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Max. size

100.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 637))
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range ? - 200 m (Ref. 30573)
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Depth: 0 - 200m.
Recorded at 200 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Trophic Strategy

Found on sandy-mud bottoms. Feeds on small benthic animals. Also in Ref. 9137.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449).
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Conservation

Threats

Data deficient (DD)
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
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