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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: barracuda (English), barracuda (Espanol), picuda (Espanol)
 
Sphyraena qenie Klunzinger, 1870


Blackfin barracuda


Body very elongate, slender, cylindrical at the front; head long with a long pointed snout; relatively large eye; large protractile mouth with a distinctly protruding lower jaw, jaws and roof of mouth with many long sharp-edged teeth of unequal sizes; two widely separated dorsal fins (V + I, 8); small pectorals, 13 rays; pelvics I, 5, small, origin under pectoral fins, before first dorsal fin; anal fins small, II, 7, similar to and under 2nd  dorsal; a forked tail, with central lobes; a well-developed, straight lateral line; small smooth scales,  120-130 on lateral line.

Bluey-grey above, silvery below, 18-22 oblique dark bars on back that extend well below lateral line; dorsals, tail and anal fin blackish, last 2 rays of anal pale, contrasting.


Size: 170 cm.

Habitat: coastal and oceanic, nearbottom to surface, often around reefs.

Depth: 0-100 m.

Indo-Pacific; the SE Gulf of California, Guatemala, western Panama, and Clipperton Island, Malpelo Island, and Gorgona Island (Colombia).
 
    
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Biology

Found near current-swept lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Usually seen in large semi-stationary schools during the day (Ref. 9768) which have a tendency to occupy the same site for months or even years at a time. Probably disperses at night to feed (Ref. 1602). Often hooked by trolling between dusk and dawn (Ref. 37816).
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Distribution

Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, TEP non-endemic, Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans), "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific), All Pacific (West + Central + East)

Regional Endemism: All species, Eastern Pacific non-endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic, Continent + Island (s), Continent, Island (s)

Residency: Resident

Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
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Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the central Indian Ocean and French Polynesia. Eastern Pacific: Mexico and Panama. The exact range is uncertain because of confusion with Sphyraena jello and Sphyraena putnamae (Ref. 9768).
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Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Ecuador, Tuamotu Archipelago and Marquesas Islands, north to Hawaiian Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia, Tonga and Rapa.
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Depth

Depth Range (m): 0 (S) - 100 (S)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 6; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 7 - 9
  • Senou, H. 2001 Sphyraenidae. Barracudas. p. 3685-3697. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9768)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9768&speccode=5734 External link.
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Size

Length max (cm): 170.0 (S)
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Size

Maximum size: 1700 mm NG
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Max. size

170 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)); max. published weight: 7,140 g (Ref. 40637)
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Inhabits clear waters near coral reefs (Ref. 9768). Usually seen in large semistationary schools during the day (Ref. 9768).
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Many dark bars crossing lateral line on body, each bar oblique in upper half, but nearly vertical in the lower; caudal fin largely blackish. No gill rakers on first arch; upper and lower gill arch with rough platelets, each platelet not bearing distinct spine.
  • Senou, H. 2001 Sphyraenidae. Barracudas. p. 3685-3697. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9768)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9768&speccode=5734 External link.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine
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Depth range based on 3 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 8 - 65
  Temperature range (°C): 26.525 - 26.692
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.732 - 0.923
  Salinity (PPS): 35.037 - 35.095
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.572 - 4.685
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.121 - 0.122
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.869 - 0.983

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 8 - 65

Temperature range (°C): 26.525 - 26.692

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.732 - 0.923

Salinity (PPS): 35.037 - 35.095

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.572 - 4.685

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.121 - 0.122

Silicate (umol/l): 0.869 - 0.983
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Salinity: Marine, Marine Only

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Near Surface, Mid Water, Near Bottom, Water column only

Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom), Water column

FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated
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Trophic Strategy

Found near current-swept lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Usually seen in large semi-stationary schools during the day (Ref. 9768) which have a tendency to occupy the same site for months or even years at a time. Probably disperses at night to feed (Ref. 1602). Often hooked by trolling between dusk and dawn (Ref. 37816).
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Feeding

Feeding Group: Carnivore

Diet: bony fishes
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Life History and Behavior

Reproduction

Egg Type: Pelagic, Pelagic larva
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Sphyraena qenie

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
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Wikipedia

Blackfin barracuda

Blackfin barracuda (Sphyraena genie) is a species of barracuda found in parts of Indo-Pacific and Western Pacific. [1] [2] [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Sphyraena qenie" in FishBase. February 2014 version.
  2. ^ WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species - Sphyraena qenie Klunzinger, 1870
  3. ^ Lieske, Ewald; Myers, Robert (2004). Coral reef guide. Red Sea. p. 207. ISBN 9780007741731. 
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