Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs mainly in deep waters around reefs (Ref. 30573). Carnivorous predator (Ref. 30573). Sold fresh in markets.
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Distribution

Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea to southern Natal, South Africa, including Madagascar.
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Red Sea, Western Indian Ocean: East Africa south to Natal (South Africa), east to Madagascar.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8
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Size

Maximum size: 600 mm TL
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Max. size

60.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3198))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Occurs mainly in deep waters around reefs. Carnivorous predator. Not of any great commercial importance in South Africa, but taken by line fishermen and ski-boat anglers. Sold fresh in markets.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Body red to pink with blue spots.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range ? - 100 m (Ref. 3198)
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Depth range based on 9 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 150 - 300
  Temperature range (°C): 16.708 - 16.708
  Nitrate (umol/L): 12.569 - 12.569
  Salinity (PPS): 35.314 - 35.314
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.526 - 3.526
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.984 - 0.984
  Silicate (umol/l): 7.678 - 7.678

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 150 - 300
 
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Depth: 0 - 100m.
Recorded at 100 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Blueskin.  Klunzinger, 1870 Attains 60 cm. Red Sea to Natal south coast where it frequents reefs, especially in winter, down to 100 metres. The large liquid eye, the red to pink body and blue spots are characteristic of the live fish. Not of any great commercial significance in South Africa, but caught by line fisherman and ski-boat anglers. Flesh good.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Polysteganus coeruleopunctatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Polysteganus coeruleopunctatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
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