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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in coastal waters (Ref. 30573), on sand or mud bottoms to at least 100 m (Ref. 9710, 11230, 48637).
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Mozambique, South Africa, India and Japan. Reported from Indonesia and northwestern Australia (Ref. 5978).
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: South and East Africa east to Indonesia, north to southern Japan, south to northern Western Australia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 69 - 79; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 59 - 66; Vertebrae: 46
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Size

Maximum size: 220 mm TL
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Max. size

25.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637))
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Diagnostic Description

Greyish or brown, with 15-16 dark bars edged with black (the first 3 bars on head); caudal fin blackish with pale spots (Ref. 3200).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 8 - 100 m (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 29 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 7 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 19 - 185
  Temperature range (°C): 20.860 - 26.876
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.183 - 8.407
  Salinity (PPS): 34.508 - 35.568
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.370 - 4.801
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.157 - 0.823
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.036 - 12.117

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 19 - 185

Temperature range (°C): 20.860 - 26.876

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.183 - 8.407

Salinity (PPS): 34.508 - 35.568

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.370 - 4.801

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.157 - 0.823

Silicate (umol/l): 1.036 - 12.117
 
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Depth: 0 - 100m.
Recorded at 100 meters.

Habitat: demersal. Found on sand or mud bottoms to at least 100 m (Ref. 9710).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Aesopia cornuta

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
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Wikipedia

Aesopia cornuta

Aesopia cornuta, the Unicorn sole, is a species of sole native to the Indian and western Pacific oceans. This species grows to a length of 25 centimetres (9.8 in) SL. This species is the only known member of its genus. This species is of commercial importance.

References

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