Morphometric measurements GB.184.108.40.206 GB.220.127.116.11.1 mm % SL mm % SL Standard length (SL) 97 − 145 − Head length (HL) 23 23.7 37 25.5 Eye diameter 4 4.1 5 3.4 Postorbital length 12 12.4 19 13.1 Upper jaw length 10 10.3 16 11.0 Lower jaw length 9 9.3 15 10.3 Preorbital length 9 9.3 14 9.7 Predorsal length 32 33.0 48 33.1 Prepectoral length 27 27.8 45 31.0 Prepelvic length 27 27.8 42 29.0 Preanal length 56 57.7 86 59.3 Body depth (max.) 17 17.5 26 17.9 Caudal peduncle length 16 16.5 25 17.2 Caudal peduncle width 11 11.3 15 10.3 Distance between anal fin and anus 2 2.1 4 2.8 Distance between pelvic fin and anal fin 29 29.9 45 31.0 Fin-ray counts First dorsal VI VI Second dorsal I11 I12 Pectoral 22 22 Pelvic 6 6 Anal I11 I12 Segmented caudal 17 17 Branched caudal 13 13
- Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene 1990 Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
- Kuiter, R.H. 1993 Coastal fishes of south-eastern Australia. University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu, Hawaii. 437 p. (Ref. 9002)
- Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2014). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.
From 1 to 40 meters.
- Baensch, H.A. and H. Debelius 1997 Meerwasser atlas. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Postfach 86, 49302, Melle, Germany. 1216 p. 3rd edition. (Ref. 27115)
- Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka 2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 3. Jawfishes - Sunfishes, Opistognathidae - Molidae. Zoonetics, Australia. p. 623-893. (Ref. 48637)
Depth range (m): 15 - 15
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Valenciennea helsdingenii
Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Valenciennea helsdingenii
Public Records: 9
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2008). "Valenciennea helsdingeni" in FishBase. December 2008 version.
|This Gobiidae-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
Valenciennea helsdingenii is a species of goby from the Indo-Pacific. It is commonly known as the twostripe goby, black-lined sleeper goby, or railway sleeper goby. It can grow up to a length of 25 cm (9.8 in) and is distinguishable by two prominent orange to black lines running longitudinally through its body.
Twostripe gobies were first described by the Dutch ichthyologist Pieter Bleeker in 1858 as Eleotriodes helsdingenii. The type specimens were originally collected from Pulau-Pulau Gorong, Maluku, Indonesia. It belongs to the hover goby genus Valenciennea in the true goby family, Gobiidae.
The body of twostripe gobies is elongated and laterally compressed. They are commonly 18 cm (7.1 in) in length, with a maximum length of 25 cm (9.8 in). The body is predominantly white to pale gray in color, with the dorsal surface a darker brownish gray. It has two prominent orange, dark red, reddish-brown, or black lines running longitudinally on the sides of its body, darkest at the anterior end and growing lighter towards the back. The upper line begins from the front of the snout, goes through the eye, and ends at the tip of the upper fork of the caudal fin. The lower line is parallel to the upper line and begins from the side of the upper lip, through the middle of the base of pectoral fins, and ends at the tip of the lower fork of the caudal fin. Both upper and lower lines are outlined in white at the caudal fin. A large oval black spot is also present between the third and fifth spines of the dorsal fin.
The pelvic fins are completely separated, no membrane is present between the first and the second dorsal fins. The first dorsal fin is shallow and its margin rounded, and the fourth spine is slightly longer than the other spines. The caudal fin in adults is deeply notched with two long filaments. Juveniles have more rounded caudal fins.
Twostripe gobies are relatively rare. They usually occur in pairs, but can be found alone in silty flat sand patches or rubble substrates. They are usually found on outer reefs at the bottom of coral or rocky dropoffs, rarely in lagoons. They feed on small digging (fossorial) organisms by sifting them from mouthfuls of sand.
Twostripe gobies have a wide distribution range. They can be found in the temperate and tropical waters of the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean. From the coast of East Africa, the southern Red Sea, the Maldives, southeast India and Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, Australia, western Oceania, and Japan.
- McGrouther, M. (March 14, 2013). "Black-lined Sleeper Goby, Valenciennea helsdingenii (Bleeker, 1858)". Australian Museum. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Kannan, K.; Sureshkumar, K.; Ranjith, L.; Joshi, K.K.; Madan, M.S.; John, S. (2013). "First record of the twostripe goby, Valenciennea helsdingenii (Gobiidae, Gobiiformes) from the southeast coast of India". ZooKeys 323: 91. doi:10.3897/zookeys.323.5440.
- Capuli, E.E.; Opitz, S. "Valenciennea helsdingenii (Bleeker, 1858): Twostripe goby". Fishbase. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Bray, Dianne. "Blacklined Glidergoby, Valenciennea helsdingenii". Fishes of Australia. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
- Bailly, N. (2013). Nicolas Bailly, ed. "Valenciennea helsdingenii (Bleeker, 1858)". FishBase. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
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