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| Common names: cabrilla (English), grouper (English), cabrilla (Espanol), mero (Espanol) |
Epinephelus labriformis (Jenyns, 1840)
Flag cabrilla, Starry grouper
Body robust, compressed; end of top jaw exposed; operculum edge with 3 flat spines; preoperculum without spines; 23-26 gill rakers; dorsal fin, XI, 16-18, 3rd or 4th spine longest, longer than rays anal fin with III, 8 anal rays; pectoral rays 18-20, usually 19, rarely 18; tail rounded; lateral line complete, ending at tail base, smoothly arched; scales rough, relatively small: 48-51 lateral line scales, 34-40 around tail base, and 11-12 above the lateral line; no small imbedded scales on front of maxillary bone.
Olive green with scattered irregular white spots and blotches; a black saddle on upper part of tail base; outer margins of dorsal and anal fins, upper and lower margins of tail fin and outer half of pectoral fin brick red.
Size: to about 60 cm.
Inhabits rocky and coral reefs.
Depth: 1-50 m.
San Diego, California to the Gulf of California to Peru, the Galapagos, Cocos, the Revillagigedos and Malpelo.