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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

On rocky substrates in subtropical waters. Usually found on open substrates with remote outcrops of reef or soft-bottom substrates at moderate depths (Ref. 48635). Feeds on fish and crustaceans. Spines are venomous.
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Distribution

Range Description

Pterois lunulata is distributed from Korea and southern Hokkaido in Japan, southward through China, Taiwan, and Indonesia, to northern Australia, Queensland and New Caledonia.
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Indo-Pacific: Mauritius (Ref. 5503) then from southern Japan southwards.
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Japan.
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Physical Description

Size

Max. size

35.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635))
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Diagnostic Description

Has 13 pectoral rays and maybe confused with P. russellii. Median fish are almost clear, but become spotted in large adults. It is best identified by the pale-centered scales on the principal dark bands on the body forming a net-like pattern and V-like markings across the pectoral fin rays (Ref. 48635).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Pterois lunulata is found on open substrates with remote outcrops of reef, or soft-bottom substrates at moderate depths. This species feeds on fish and crustaceans. The spines of P. Lunulata are venomous. Species from the Scorpaenidae family are typically found on, or near, the bottom, from the surface to a depth of 150 m. Most species from this family are known to lead solitary lives and only aggregate for reproduction (FAO 1999).

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

reef-associated; marine
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Depth range based on 6 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 9 - 251
  Temperature range (°C): 25.978 - 25.978
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.204 - 0.204
  Salinity (PPS): 35.035 - 35.035
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.652 - 4.652
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.178 - 0.178
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.730 - 3.730

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 9 - 251
 
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Trophic Strategy

Occurs in inshore waters of the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). On rocky substrates in subtropical waters. Feeds on fish and crustaceans (Ref. 9137).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pterois lunulata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Motomura, H.

Reviewer/s
Collen, B., Richman, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M.

Contributor/s
De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P. & Smith, J. and Livingston, F.

Justification
Pterois lunulata has been assessed as Least Concern. This broadly distributed species is harvested as a food source and for the aquarium trade, however these are not considered to be major threats to this species at present. Further research and monitoring of the harvest levels and population numbers of this species is needed, to determine if it is likely to suffer significant population declines in the future.
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for Pterois lunulata.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Pterois lunulata is utilised as a food source. The venomous dorsal-fin spines are removed by fisherman when marketed (FAO 1999). This species is also harvested from the wild for display in public aquariums. However, neither of these threats are considered to have a significant impact on the population size of this species, as these are localised threats only.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for Pterois lunulata, however its distribution may coincide with a number of marine protected area designations, including the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park off Queensland.

Further research and monitoring of the harvest levels and population numbers of this species is needed, to determine if it is likely to suffer significant population declines in the future.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: public aquariums
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