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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Benthic (Ref. 58302). Rare species (Ref. 30404). Prefers rock and sponge areas (Ref. 30404). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30404.
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Distribution

Western Indian Ocean: Maldives (Ref. 11303) and Mauritius (Ref. 58078). Pacific Ocean: Taiwan to New Zealand, east to Hawaii.
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Indo-West Pacific: Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and northern Kermadec Ridge.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 1000 mm TL
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Max. size

100.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 559))
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Diagnostic Description

Pale grey color with y-patterns along entire body (Ref. 30404).
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Type Information

Type for Gymnothorax berndti Snyder
Catalog Number: USNM 50867
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Year Collected: 1902
Locality: Honolulu Mkt., Hawaii, Oahu, Hawaii, United States, Hawaiian Islands, Pacific
Vessel: Albatross
  • Type: Snyder, J. O. 1904. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission. 22 (for 1902): 518, fig. 8.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 30 - 303 m (Ref. 1602)
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Depth range based on 5 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 70 - 50000
  Temperature range (°C): 20.822 - 20.822
  Nitrate (umol/L): 3.955 - 3.955
  Salinity (PPS): 35.659 - 35.659
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.978 - 3.978
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.463 - 0.463
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.423 - 1.423

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 70 - 50000
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 30 - 300m.
From 30 to 300 meters.

Habitat: demersal. Deep-dwelling species (Ref. 1602).
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Trophic Strategy

Prefers rock and sponge areas (Ref. 30404).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Gymnothorax berndti

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest
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Wikipedia

Y-patterned moray eel

The Y-patterned moray eel, Gymnothorax berndti, is a deep-water moray eel found in coral reefs in the Pacific and western Indian Oceans at depths to 300 m.[1] It was first named by Snyder in 1904,[1] and is also commonly known as Berndt's moray eel.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gymnothorax berndti at www.fishbase.org.
  2. ^ Gymnothorax berndti at www.fishbase.org.
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