Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: brotula (English), congrio (Espanol)
Brotula multibarbata Temminck and Schlegel, 1846

Goatsbeard brotula

Body elongate, relatively deep, compressed, tapering to rear; eye large; nostril halfway between top lip and rear nostril; eye relatively large (diameter > space between eyes);  mouth large; gill openings large, membranes not joined under throat; small pointed teeth in bands on jaws and roof of mouth; snout and lower jaw each with 6 barbels; pointed tail fin continuous with dorsal and anal; dorsal fin origin before anal fin origin;  dorsal rays 109-139; anal rays 80-106; pectoral 22-26; each pelvic fin is a 2-rayed filament, origin under throat; scales small, smooth, slightly overlapping, on head and completely covering body.

Body uniform grey to reddish brown, barbels on snout and thin pale; dorsal and anal fins with black edges bordered by a thin white outer band; juveniles similar to adults or sometimes with scattered small black spots on the body, particularly near the bases of the dorsal and anal fins, and on the median fins.

Size: attains 100 cm.

Inhabits rocky reefs and adjacent sand bottoms.

Depth: 1-650 m.

Indo-central Pacific; in the eastern Pacific known only from two juveniles collected on the reef at Clipperton in 1998.


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system.

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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