Comprehensive DescriptionRead full entry
| Common names: halfbeak (English), agujeta (Espanol), saltador (Espanol), pajarito (Espanol) |
Hyporhamphus gilli Meek & Hildebrand, 1923
Elongate and slender; no teeth; lower jaw extended into a long beak, relatively short, less than twice head length; upper jaw short, triangular, covered with scales; nostrils in a pit before eye; ridge just before eye; 37-50 gill rakers; no spines in fins; dorsal and anal fins are at the rear of the body, with bases about opposite one another; dorsal 14-15 rays, origin behind anus; anal 15-18 rays, origin behind dorsal origin; pelvic fins are under the rear of the abdomen; distance from pelvic origin to tail fin base more than distance from pelvic origin to front edge of pupil in 96% of individuals (reaching to before the tip of the top jaw in some individuals), reaching between pupil and front of eye in 4%; pectoral fins high on the sides, short; tail fin moderately forked, lower lobe larger; lateral line low on side of body; scales large and smooth; bases of dorsal and anal scaly .
Back brown, edges of scales dark, upper back with 3 narrow dark stripes; belly and sides silver; mid flank - distinct grey stripe with black top border; snout and beak black, with red tip; fins dusky to transparent.
Size: 21 cm.
Habitat: coastal pelagic.
Depth: surface, 0-5 m?
Southern Baja and the central Gulf of California to northern Peru, and the Galapagos.