| Common names: porkfish (English), burro (Espanol) |
Anisotremus taeniatus Gill, 1861
Body deep, compressed, back high; head short, blunt; mouth small, low, ~ horizontal, lips fleshy; inside mouth not red; teeth in bands on jaws, outer ones larger, conical, none on center roof of mouth; a pair of conspicuous pores plus a central groove under the chin; preopercle finely serrated; dorsal continuous but deeply notched, 4th spine longest, XII, 15-17; anal III, 9-10, 2nd spine long and thick; pectoral fins long, reaching anal origin; tail straight to slightly concave; scales moderate to large, rough, over entire body and head except front of snout, lips and chin, on membranes between dorsal and anal soft rays; lines of scales above lateral line in oblique rows above lateral line ; lateral-line scales 49-57.
Bright yellow with dark-edged blue stripes on side; a pair of blackish bars anteriorly, one through eye and another immediately behind head; juveniles with yellow head and anterodorsal region of body, a dark brown midlateral stripe, and large black spot on base of tail fin.
Size: to 30 cm.
Habitat: generally seen in small aggregations on rocky reefs, but not particularly common.
Depth: 5-25 m.
Southern Baja and the lower Gulf of California to northern Peru, the Revillagigedos, Cocos and Malpelo.
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism: All species, TEP endemic, Continent + Island (s), Continent, Island (s)
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap), Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only
Water Column Position: Near Bottom, Bottom, Bottom + water column
Habitat: Reef (rock &/or coral), Reef only, Rocks, Corals, Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat: Demersal
Habitat and Ecology
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.
Depth range (m): 0.31 - 54
Temperature range (°C): 20.583 - 20.583
Nitrate (umol/L): 0.441 - 0.441
Salinity (PPS): 34.246 - 34.246
Oxygen (ml/l): 5.165 - 5.165
Phosphate (umol/l): 0.472 - 0.472
Silicate (umol/l): 4.140 - 4.140
Depth range (m): 0.31 - 54
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
Diet: mobile benthic worms, mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves, octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Anisotremus taeniatus
Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.
Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Anisotremus taeniatus
Public Records: 10
Specimens with Barcodes: 14
Species With Barcodes: 1
CITES: Not listed
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems