IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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Description

  Common names: tonguefish (English), lengua (Espanol), lengüeta (Espanol)
 
Symphurus gorgonae Chabanaud, 1948


Gorgonian tonguefish,     Dwarf tonguefish



Body highly compressed,  elongate, oval, tapers to pointed tail; small close-set eyes on left side, pupils without covers; snout rounded; mouth small, curved, strongly so on blind side; margin of preoperculum concealed by skin and scales; dorsal origin ~ above upper eye; dorsal rays 80-89; anal rays 63-74;  dorsal and anal fins confluent with the pointed tail fin; only left pelvic fin present, 4 rays, on body midline, joined to anal fin by delicate membrane; pectoral fins absent, represented by a fine membrane;  tail with 12 rays; no lateral line; scales rough, on both sides of body.



Top side yellowish-brown to dark brown; a series of incomplete diffuse cross bars, strongest at body edges; dark blotch behind operculum; dorsal and anal fins with single dark rays alternating with several clear rays; black dot at base of each dorsal and anal fin rays on blind side; lining of gut cavity black, visible through body wall.


Size: 9 cm.

Habitat: sand and mud bottoms.

Depth: 20-120 m.

Gulf of California to Ecuador.
   

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Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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