Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults inhabit the littoral zone in seagrass beds and around rocks (Ref. 5292). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Males build dish shaped nests and guard the eggs (Ref. 205).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

Range Description

This species is found in the Eastern Atlantic, primarily in western European waters where is it present from Belgium to northern Morocco, and also reported down to Mauritania (Westneat in press). It is also an occasional inhabitant of the Mediterranean Sea, where it has been found off the coasts of Spain and the Balearic Islands (Quignard and Pras 1986).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania. Also in the Mediterranean off the coast of Spain and the Balearic Islands (Ref. 4742)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Eastern Atlantic: North Sea to Mauritania (straying to Western Mediterranean Sea).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 200 mm SL
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Max. size

20.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4742))
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits littoral and inshore coastal habitats, mainly occurring around rocks but also in seagrass beds (Gomon and Forsyth 1990). It is a small fish with a maximum length of around 20 cm (SL). It is found at depths of down to 50 m.

Systems
  • Marine
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 50 m (Ref. 5292)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 1
  Temperature range (°C): 23.984 - 23.984
  Nitrate (umol/L): 2.335 - 2.335
  Salinity (PPS): 35.702 - 35.702
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.901 - 4.901
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.255 - 0.255
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.758 - 1.758
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth: 1 - 50m.
From 1 to 50 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Males build dish shaped nests and guard the eggs (Ref. 205).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Symphodus bailloni

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.   Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.  Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

CTTGTATTTGGTGCTTGGGCCGGAATGGTGGGCACTGCCCTG---AGCCTGCTTATCCGGGCAGAGCTAAGCCAGCCGGGTGCCCTCCTAGGAGAC---GACCAAATCTATAATGTTATCGTAACGGCACATGCTTTCGTTATGATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATTATGATCGGAGGCTTCGGAAACTGGCTTATTCCTCTAATG---ATCGGGGCCCCCGATATGGCCTTCCCCCGAATAAACAATATGAGCTTCTGACTTCTCCCTCCCTCATTCCTTCTTCTCCTTGCCTCTTCCGGCGTGGAAGCTGGAGCAGGCACCGGCTGAACGGTCTACCCCCCCTTAGCCGGGAATCTTGCTCACGCTGGAGCATCTGTTGACCTA---ACTATCTTCTCCCTTCACCTGGCAGGTATCTCCTCAATCCTTGGTGCTATTAACTTCATCACTACTATTATTAATATGAAGCCCCCCGCGATCTCACAATACCAAACACCCCTGTTCGTCTGGGCCGTTCTCATCACAGCTGTTCTTCTTCTTCTGTCCCTCCCCGTCCTTGCAGCC---GGCATTACAATACTTYTCACAGATCGGAACCTTAATACCACCTTTTTTGACCCCGCAGGGGGAGGGGACCCAATT
-- end --

Download FASTA File
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Symphodus bailloni

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Pollard, D.

Reviewer/s
Sadovy, Y. & Carpenter, K.E.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is relatively uncommon, and less common in the Mediterranean. This species is only occasionally caught off Spain and the Balearic Islands. Its primary range is in the north-eastern Atlantic, and it appears to be under no particular threat. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Population

Population
Little is known about the Eastern Atlantic populations of this species, and there are only a few records from the Mediterranean. It is relatively uncommon.

Population Trend
Unknown
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats known for this species, although it is caught as food in artisanal fisheries.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Least Concern (LC)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species. Its distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range..
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Baillon's wrasse

Baillon's wrasse, Symphodus bailloni, is a species of wrasse native to the eastern Atlantic Ocean from the British Isles and Belgium to Mauritania and the western Mediterranean Sea along the coast of Spain and around the Balearic Islands. This species inhabits areas with plentiful weed growth or around rocks at depths from 1 to 50 m (3.3 to 160 ft). It can reach 20 cm (7.9 in) in standard length, though usually not exceeding 18 cm (7.1 in).[2] It is caught for human consumption in artisanal fisheries.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pollard, D. 2010. Symphodus bailloni. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 17 November 2013.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Symphodus bailloni" in FishBase. October 2013 version.
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!