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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits coral reefs or bays (Ref. 9768). Usually seen by day in large schools (Ref. 9768). Mainly nocturnal (Ref. 4887). Also caught with set nets (Ref. 9768).
  • Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene 1990 Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
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Distribution

Indian Ocean: East Africa and the Mascarene Islands (Ref. 9768). Pacific Ocean: north to southern Japan, south to the Coral Sea, and east to French Polynesia; also from the Hawaiian Islands. Common in oceanic islands of the Pacific (Ref. 9768). The exact range is uncertain because of the confusion of this species with Sphyraena acutipinnis and Sphyraena novaehollandiae.
  • Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene 1990 Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
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Western and Central Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia (Indian Ocean records uncertain).
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 6; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 7 - 9
  • Senou, H. 2001 Sphyraenidae. Barracudas. p. 3685-3697. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9768)
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Size

Maximum size: 800 mm TL
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Max. size

80.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334)); max. published weight: 1,812 g (Ref. 4887)
  • Honebrink, R. 1990 Fishing in Hawaii: a student manual. Education Program, Division of Aquatic Resources, Honolulu, Hawaii. 79 p. (Ref. 4887)
  • Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene 1990 Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
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Diagnostic Description

Coloration of the body with two bright yellow stripes on the sides; caudal fin darkish.Description: Characterized further by silvery body color; lateral line scales 120-135; single gill raker at angle of first gill arch; well spaced teeth, first two pairs in upper jaw angled inward; rounded corner of preopercle, absence of projecting flap; maxilla reaching within half eye diameter of anterior edge of eye; origin of first dorsal fin over origin of pelvic fins; forked caudal fin with slight convexity on each side of midline; depth of body 7.0-8.0 in SL (Ref. 90102).
  • Senou, H. 2001 Sphyraenidae. Barracudas. p. 3685-3697. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9768)
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Description

Inhabits coral reefs or bays (Ref. 9768). Usually seen by day in large schools (Ref. 9768). Mainly nocturnal (Ref. 4887). Also caught with set nets (Ref. 9768).
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Type Information

Type for Sphyraena helleri
Catalog Number: USNM 49692
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission (USFC)
Locality: Hawaiian Islands, Hawaii, United States, Pacific
  • Type:
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 15 - 104 m (Ref. 58302)
  • Mundy, B.C. 2005 Checklist of the fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Zoology. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. (6):1-704. (Ref. 58302)
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 101.5 - 102

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 101.5 - 102
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 15 - 60m.
From 15 to 60 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Inhabits coral reefs or bays (Ref. 9768). Usually seen by day in large schools (Ref. 9768). Mainly nocturnal (Ref. 4887). Also caught with set nets (Ref. 9768).
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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