The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
- Kozloff, Eugene N. 1987. Marine Invertebrates of the Pacific Northwest. 511
- WoRMS (2014). Ctenostomatida. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=110723
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