Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits protected or silty reef areas (Ref. 89707). May undergo protogyny. Solitary (Ref 90102).
  • Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall 1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)
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Distribution

Range Description

Cephalopholis aitha is a western Pacific species found in the Philippines, Indonesia (Sulawesi and Flores, but not recorded in the Raja Ampat Islands), and northern Papua New Guinea.
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Western Pacific: Philippines, Indonesia (Sulawesi, Flores), and Papua New Guinea.
  • Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall 1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)
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Western Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8
  • Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall 1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)
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Size

Max. size

40.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102))
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Diagnostic Description

Similar to the more common Cephalopholis spiloparaea but lacks banding in the caudal fin (Ref. 48635); characterized further by reddish brown color; base of pelvic fins with indistinct dark blotch; greatest body depth 2.5-2.9 in SL; rounded caudal fin; short pelvic fins, 2.3-2.5 in head length; strongly bilobed margin of front of upper lip (Ref 90102); head length 2.1-2.3 times in SL; rounded preopercle, posterior edge finely serrate, lower edge fleshy; very convex upper edge of operculum; maxilla extends past eye; teeth large; midlateral-body scales ctenoid (Ref. 89707).
  • Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall 1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)
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Type Information

Paratype for Cephalopholis aitha Randall & Heemstra
Catalog Number: USNM 236456
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Springer, J. Libbey, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR), Philippines & Silliman University
Year Collected: 1978
Locality: Philippine Islands, Pamilikan Island Off SW Tip of Island, Philippines, Pacific
Depth (m): 24
  • Paratype: Randall, J. E. & Heemstra, P. C. 1991. Indo-Pacific Fishes. No. 20: 29, fig. 5.
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Paratype for Cephalopholis aitha Randall & Heemstra
Catalog Number: USNM 274684
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Springer, M. Gomon & Indonesians
Year Collected: 1974
Locality: Indonesia: Kabaena Island: Tallabassi Bay, Just Off NW Shore of Big Damalawa Islet- Area Generally At SE Corner of Celebes (= Sulawesi), Big Damalawa Islet, Suluwesi Island, Indonesia, Tallabassi Bay, Pacific
Depth (m): 5 to 8
  • Paratype: Randall, J. E. & Heemstra, P. C. 1991. Indo-Pacific Fishes. No. 20: 29, fig. 5.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
General
Cephalopholis aitha is a reef-associated species that inhabits protected or silty reef areas.

Maturity
A mature female of 14 cm has been recorded (Randall and Heemstra 1991).

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 5 - 33 m (Ref. 5222)
  • Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall 1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)
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Depth range based on 5 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 6 - 24.4

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 6 - 24.4
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 5 - 33m.
From 5 to 33 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Inhabits protected or silty reef areas. May undergo protogyny.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Liu, M. & Heemstra, P.C.

Reviewer/s
Sadovy, Y. & Moss, K. (Grouper and Wrasse Red List Authority)

Contributor/s

Justification
There is virtually no information on which to evaluate Cephalopholis aitha. The species is of little interest as a food fish and therefore potentially of Least Concern because of its small size.
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Population

Population
The population status of Cephalopholis aitha is unknown. It is a small, poorly known species with a restricted (known) distribution.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Cephalopholis aitha is probably not targeted by fisheries because of its small size and is unlikely to occur as by-catch.
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Data deficient (DD)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Cephalopholis aitha is likely to occur in marine protected areas within its range, but no specific measures are known for this species.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest
  • Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter 1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p. (Ref. 171)
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