Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Live on mixed or muddy bottoms. Feed on small fishes and invertebrates (Ref. 4704).
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Description

 The scaldfish is a flatfish with an oval body shape. It is very thin, almost transparent. The mouth is to the left of the eyes and rather curved. The eyes are relatively small and close together. The pelvic fin on the blind side has a much shorter base than that on the eyed side. It is brownish or greyish in background colour, usually with diffuse darker marks. The fins often have small dark spots. The pelvic fin on the eyed side sometimes has a dusky spot. The males are distinguished by the elongation of certain fin rays which gives the fish a quite unusual appearance. The scaldfish grows up to 25 cm in length.Scaldfish feed on small fish and invertebrates and spawn in spring and summer. The scaldfish is edible but posseses no significant economic value.
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Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Angola. Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
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Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Trondheim (Norway) to Angola.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 81 - 93; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 74 - 82
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Size

Maximum size: 200 mm SL
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Max. size

25.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 35388)); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 32766)
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Diagnostic Description

Very thin body. None of the dorsal finrays are prolonged (Ref. 4704). Lateral line with a marked curve over the pectoral fin. Behind the pelvic fins two backward curved thorns. Body slender, translucent and shaped like a sole (Ref. 35388).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 10 - 200 m (Ref. 4704), usually 10 - 100 m (Ref. 35388)
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Depth range based on 20038 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 9359 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): -9 - 1965
  Temperature range (°C): 6.433 - 15.050
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.402 - 16.868
  Salinity (PPS): 30.162 - 36.749
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.715 - 6.628
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.247 - 0.997
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.987 - 11.419

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): -9 - 1965

Temperature range (°C): 6.433 - 15.050

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.402 - 16.868

Salinity (PPS): 30.162 - 36.749

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.715 - 6.628

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.247 - 0.997

Silicate (umol/l): 0.987 - 11.419
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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 The scaldfish is mostly found on mixed or muddy bottoms from 10 to 200 m.
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Depth: 45 - 200m.
From 45 to 200 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Trophic Strategy

Benthic on mixed or muddy bottoms (Ref. 4704).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Arnoglossus laterna

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 12
Specimens with Barcodes: 35
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Arnoglossus laterna

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 3 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

GCCCTTTATCTAGTATTCGGTGCCTGAGCAGGAATAGTAGGCACAGCACTC---AGCCTTCTAATCCGCGCAGAACTAAGCCAACCAGGAGCCCTACTGGGGGAC---GACCAGATCTATAATGTTATCGTTACAGCCCATGCCTTCGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTGATACCAATCATGATTGGTGGGTTCGGTAATTGACTAATCCCCCTTATG---GTTGGAGCCCCCGACATAGCATTCCCTCGAATGAATAACATGAGCTTTTGACTTCTCCCCCCATCATTCCTTCTTCTACTGGCCTCCTCAGGGGTAGAAGCAGGGGCTGGTACTGGCTGAACCGTGTACCCCCCTCTGGCCGGCAACTTAGCCCACGCCGGGGCCTCAGTAGACCTT---ACTATTTTCTCCCTCCACCTCGCGGGCATTTCCTCCATCCTCGGAGCCATTAACTTCATTACTACAATTTTTAACATGAAACCAGCCGCAATGTCTATGTACCAAGCACCCCTCTTTGTCTGAGCAGTATTAATTACAGCAGTCTTGCTTCTTCTATCCCTCCCAGTGCTAGCTGCA---GGCATCACAATGCTTTTGACAGACCGTAACCTCAATACCACCTTCTTTGACCCTGTAGTGGGGGGAGAC---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CAATTCCTT------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TACCTA---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ATT
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest
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Wikipedia

Mediterranean scaldfish

The Mediterranean scaldfish (Arnoglossus laterna) is a species of bottom feeder benthic fish belonging to the family Bothidae.[1]

Contents

Description

Like other species of the order Pleuronectiformes, scaldfish is a flatfish with a body length of 12 to 20 cm. It has pale yellow, large, ruffled scales.

Distribution

It is found in the coasts of East Atlantic Ocean (from Norway to Angola), the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea.[2]

References

  1. ^ "Arnoglossus laterna (Walbaum, 1792)". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=172805. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). "Arnoglossus laterna" in FishBase. September 2012 version.
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