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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found among corals or sea fans in lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 30874). Adults in pairs or small aggregations when in the open or in safe places at night (Ref. 48635). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Tonga, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia.
  • Dawson, C.E. 1985 Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA. (Ref. 5316)
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Comores and western Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Tonga, south to Rowley Shoals (Western Australia) and Queensland (Australia).
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 2531
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Size

Maximum size: 160 mm TL
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Max. size

16.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 30874))
  • Allen, G.R. and R.C. Steene 1988 Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island Natural History Association, Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, 6798, Australia. 197 p. (Ref. 30874)
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Occurs in coralline areas of lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of at least 30 m.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Superior trunk and tail ridges discontinuous; lateral trunk ridges straight, ending near anal ring; inferior trunk and tail ridges continuous; body rings 15-17; tail rings 32-39.
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Type Information

Paratype for Corythoichthys schultzi
Catalog Number: USNM 140234
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Brock, E. Herald, Donaldson, A. Welander, Potski & Bradner
Year Collected: 1946
Locality: Marshall Islands: Bikini Atoll, isolated coral area 100 yds offshore of Airukiiji (Arji) Island; Bikini Atoll, lagoon side., Bikini Atoll, Ralik Chain, Marshall Islands, Pacific
Depth (m): 12
  • Paratype:
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Holotype for Corythoichthys schultzi
Catalog Number: USNM 140233
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Collector(s): V. Brock, E. Herald, Donaldson, A. Welander, Potski & Bradner
Year Collected: 1946
Locality: Marshall Islands: Bikini Atoll, isolated coral area 100 yds offshore of Airukiiji (Arji) Island; Bikini Atoll, lagoon side., Bikini Atoll, Ralik Chain, Marshall Islands, Pacific
Depth (m): 12
  • Holotype:
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Paratype for Corythoichthys schultzi
Catalog Number: USNM 140240
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Brock & E. Herald
Year Collected: 1946
Locality: Marshall Islands: Rongelap Atoll at north end of Kieshiechi Island, lagoon side. A single coral head approximately 10 ft in diameter and 8 feet high (depth 20 feet)., Rongelap Atoll, Ralik Chain, Marshall Islands, Pacific
Depth (m): 6 to 6
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Corythoichthys schultzi
Catalog Number: USNM 140241
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): E. Herald
Year Collected: 1946
Locality: Marshall Islands: Rongelap Atoll, lagoon, Bowditch anchorage, 0.5 mile off Rongelap Island, Rongelap Atoll, Ralik Chain, Marshall Islands, Pacific
Vessel: Bowditch
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Corythoichthys schultzi
Catalog Number: USNM 141198
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): G. Myers, L. Schultz & O. Smith
Year Collected: 1947
Locality: Marshall Islands: Bikini Atoll, Chilton anchorage about half mile off Bikini Island., Bikini Atoll, Ralik Chain, Marshall Islands, Pacific
Vessel: Chilton
  • Paratype:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 2 - 30 m (Ref. 30874)
  • Allen, G.R. and R.C. Steene 1988 Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island Natural History Association, Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, 6798, Australia. 197 p. (Ref. 30874)
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Depth range based on 28 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 13 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 21
  Temperature range (°C): 24.659 - 28.897
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.049 - 0.273
  Salinity (PPS): 33.032 - 35.374
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.531 - 4.825
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.099 - 0.205
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.819 - 2.460

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 21

Temperature range (°C): 24.659 - 28.897

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.049 - 0.273

Salinity (PPS): 33.032 - 35.374

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.531 - 4.825

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.099 - 0.205

Silicate (umol/l): 0.819 - 2.460
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 2 - 30m.
From 2 to 30 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Found among corals or sea fans in lagoon and seaward reefs.
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Trophic Strategy

Found among corals or sea fans in lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 30874). Frequently in coral reefs (Ref. 9137). Feeds on small crustaceans and fish larvae (Ref. 9137).
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Corythoichthys schultzi

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Genomic DNA is available from 1 specimen with morphological vouchers housed at Museum of Tropical Queensland
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: public aquariums
  • Joannot, P. 1997 List of fishes in the Noumea aquarium. Unpublished. (Ref. 13603)
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Wikipedia

Schultz's pipefish

Schultz's pipefish, Corythoichthys schultzi, is a pipefish of the family Syngnathidae.

Etymology[edit]

The genus name Corythoichthys derives from the Greek words «coris», meaning «helmet» and «ichthus» meaning fish. The species name «schultzi» honors Leonard Peter Schultz, an American ichthyologist of the Smithsonian Institution (Washington).

Description[edit]

Corythoichthys schultzi can reach a length of a length up to 16 cm in males. The body is cylindrical and very elongated. These pipefishes have a cryptic coloration making the difficult to be detected by both prey and predators. The basic color of the body is whitish, with small black, brown and reddish dashes and yellowish rings. The eyes are protruding and the snout is long, slightly compressed and thinner than the body. The caudal fin is present but quite small. Adults may form small aggregation. Ovoviviparous, the male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. In this pouch they also carry the developing young pipefishes.

Distribution[edit]

This species is widespread throughout the Indo-Pacific Oceans, from Red Sea and East Africa to Tonga, throughout Micronesia, northern Australia and New Caledonia.

Habitat[edit]

Schultz's pipefish is benthic species associated to coral reef. It usually can be found in lagoon and seaward reefs at depths of between 2 and 30 m.

References[edit]

  • Fish Base
  • Biolib
  • Gerald Allen, Roger Steene, Paul Humann & Ned Deloach Reef Fish Identification Tropical Pacific, (New World Publications Inc, Jacksonville, Florida, US 2003) ISBN 1-878348-36-1
  • Kaup J. J., 1853. Uebersicht der Lophobranchier. Arch. Naturgeschichte v. 19. 226-234.

Schultz, L. P., Herald, E. S., Lachner, E. A., Welander, A. D. & Woods, L. P., 1953. Fishes of the Marshall and Marianas islands. Vol. I. Families from Asymmetrontidae through Siganidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum Núm. 202, v. 1: i-xxxii + 1-685, Pls. 1-74.

  • Allen, G.R. i R.C. Steene, 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island Natural History Association, Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, 6798, Austràlia. 197 p.

Breder, C.M. i D.E. Rosen, 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey, US. 941 p.

  • Gell, F.R. i M.W. Whittington, 2002. Diversity of fishes in seagrass beds in the Quirimba Archipelago, northern Mozambique. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 53:115-121.
  • Garpe, K.C. i M.C. Öhman, 2003. Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island Marine Park, Tanzania: fish-habitat interactions. Hydrobiologia 498: 191-211.
  • Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton i G.R. Allen, 2006. Fishes. A Beasley, O.L. i A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volum 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia Part 1, pp. xxiv 1-670; Part 2, pp. xxi 671-1472; Part 3, pp. xxi 1473-2178.
  • Allen, G.R. i M. Adrim, 2003. Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zool. Stud. 42(1):1-72.

Fricke, R., 1999. Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Theses Zoologicae, Vol. 31: 759 p.

  • Kailola, P.J., 1987. The fishes of Papua New Guinea. A revised and annotated checklist. Vol. 1. Myxinidae to Synbranchidae. Research Bulletin Núm. 41. Department of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. 194 p.
  • Kuiter, R.H. i T. Tonozuka, 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p.
  • Letourneur, Y., P. Chabanet, P. Durville, M. Taquet, E. Teissier, M. Parmentier, J.-C. Quéro i K. Pothin, 2004. An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean. Cybium 28(3):199-216.
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno i T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tòquio, Japó. 437 p.

Murdy, E.O., C.J. Ferraris, Jr., D.I. Hoese i R.C. Steene, 1981. Preliminary list of fishes from Sombrero Island, Philippines, with fifteen new records. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 94(4):1163-1173.

  • Nouguier, J. i D. Refait, 1990. Poissons de l'Océan Indien: les Iles Maldives. Réalisations Editoriales Pédagogiques, París. 304 p.
  • Randall, J.E. i C. Anderson, 1993. Annotated checklist of the epipelagic and shore fishes of the Maldives Islands. Ichthyol. Bull. of the J.L.B. Smith Inst. of Ichthyol. 59:47.
  • Werner, T.B i G.R. Allen, 1998. Reef fishes of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. A T. Werner i G. Allen (eds). A rapid biodiversity assessment of the coral reefs of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. RAP Working Papers 11, Conservation International, Washington DC.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Dawson, C. E., 1977: Review of the pipefish genus Corythoichthys with description of three new species. Copeia 1977: 295-338.
  • Dawson, C.E., 1985. Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, US.
  • Eschmeyer, William N.: Genera of Recent Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, California, US. iii + 697. ISBN 0-940228-23-8. Any 1990.
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, California, US. ISBN 0-940228-47-5.
  • Hardy, J.D. Jr., 2003. Coral reef fish species. NOAA\National Oceanographic Data Center. NODC Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. US. 537 p.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, US, 1997.
  • Lourie, S. A., Amanda C.J. Vincent i Heather J. Hall: Seahorses: An Identification Guide to the World's Species and their Conservation. Dorling Print Limited, Dorling House: London, Great Britain: Project Seahorse, 1999.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, US: Prentice-Hall. Any 2000.
  • Nelson, Joseph S.: Fishes of the World, John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-25031-7. Any 2006.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, London: Macdonald. Any 1985.
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