Depth of body 3 ½ times in total length, length of head 5 times. Head as long as deep, with curved upper profile; snout ¼ length of head ; teeth bicuspid, 5 in upper jaw (4-5), 6 (5-7) in lower; a slight swelling of the chin; eye rather large, equal to length of snout, ¾ interorbital width. Dorsal and anal fins equally developed and exactly opposed to each other, former with 31 rays (29-36), latter with 33 (31-36), equally distant from caudal and from base of ventrals. Pectoral pointed, as long as head, reaching beyond base of ventral, which is about half as long. Caudal with pointed lobes, scaled on more than half its extent. Caudal peduncle 3 times as long as deep, as long as head. 78 scales in lateral line, 18/17 in transverse series on body, 16/16 between dorsal and anal, 12 round caudal peduncle. Brown or dark olive with yellowish bars, two of which enclose a sort of blackish rhomb between the anterior rays of the dorsal and those of the anal, which bear a black bar; a black band on the pectoral and ventral and on each lobe of the caudal. Total length (of type) 140 mm. Maximum observed size: 300 mm.
Northeast Africa: It is present in the White Nile at Khartoum, Sudan, as well as Baro River, Ethiopia.
Western Africa: It occurs in the large Sahelo-Sudanese basins. Also collected in the Sassandra, the Mono, in Ghana and in Cameroon.
- Gosse, J.-P. 1984 Mormyridae. p. 63-122. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3203)
- Ita, E.O. 1984 Kainji (Nigeria). p. 43-103. In J.M. Kapetsky and T. Petr (eds.) Status of African reservoir fisheries. CIFA Tech. Pap. 10:326 p. (Ref. 3799)
Habitat and Ecology
Life History and Behavior
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems