- Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall 1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)
- Fennessy, S. and Y. Sadovy 2002 Reproductive biology of a diandric protogynous hermaphrodite, the serranid Epinephelus andersoni. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 53:147-158. (Ref. 74502)
- Randall, J.E. and P.C. Heemstra 1991 Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (20):332 p. (Ref. 4787)
- Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2014). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.
Habitat and Ecology
- Craig, M., YJ.S. de Mitcheson and P.C. Heemstra 2011 Groupers of the world: a field and market guide. North America: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group. 356 p. (Ref. 89707)
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.
Depth range (m): 46 - 100
Temperature range (°C): 19.909 - 19.909
Nitrate (umol/L): 6.252 - 6.252
Salinity (PPS): 35.339 - 35.339
Oxygen (ml/l): 4.094 - 4.094
Phosphate (umol/l): 0.396 - 0.396
Silicate (umol/l): 6.661 - 6.661
Depth range (m): 46 - 100
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
Recorded at 50 meters.
Habitat: reef-associated. Catface rockcod. Attains 80 cm. Known only from southern Mozambique to Knysna. Common to depths of 50 metres. Inhabits reefs and rocky bottom to a depth of at least 50 m; juveniles are found in tidepools. Feeds on fishes, spiny lobsters, and crabs. Sexual maturity is attained at 50 to 60 cm. This species falls under the category of "Collapsed stocks" -- Those species whose adult (spawning ) populations stand at less than 25% of historical levels.
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Epinephelus andersoni
No available public DNA sequences.
Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Epinephelus andersoni
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
The species has a very restricted range, although there is no indication that extent of occurrence or area of occupancy are declining. The reported range is from 24°50'S to 34°05'S (Heemstra and Randall 1993). The species does not occur in water depths much greater than 50 m, and, based on calculated sea floor area to the 50 m isobath, the extent of occurrence of the species is therefore about 15,400 km². The area of occupancy is in reality much less than this, since the species is closely reef-associated, and assuming that 10% of the area of occurrence is reef, then effective habitat (reef) area is about 1,500 km². Not all of this reef area is in fact suitable habitat, since a large proportion of this is coral reef and E. andersoni is not a coral reef species.
This species is classified as Near Threatened as current data indicate a population reduction of ≥30% is possible due to fishing over a 10 year or three generation period where the time period includes both the past and the future i.e., just misses listing as VU A2d+3d+4d – current population trend is unknown but an increase in fishing pressure and the limited range mean that attention is needed for this species. Although the EOO and AOO are small, especially for a marine species with pelagic larvae, there is no evidence of declines, fluctuations or fragmentation in these areas. It also occurs in relatively shallow, and therefore accessible, waters.
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
The brown-spotted rockcod or catface rockcod (Epinephelus andersoni) is a species of fish in the Serranidae family. It is found in Mozambique and South Africa. Its natural habitats are shallow seas, coral reefs, and estuarine waters.
- Fennessy, S. 2004. Epinephelus andersoni. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 4 August 2007.
|This Serranidae article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|