Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found on mud bottoms (Ref. 2850).
  • Cooper, J.A. and F. Chapleau 1998 Monophyly and intrarelationships of the family Pleuronectidae (Pleuronectiformes), with a revised classification. Fish. Bull. 96(4):686-726. (Ref. 30193)
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Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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North Pacific: Japan to the Gulf of Alaska and to Mexican border.
  • Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
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North Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 109 - 117; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 95 - 98
  • Hart, J.L. 1973 Pacific fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 180:740 p. (Ref. 6885)
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Size

Maximum size: 470 mm TL
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Max. size

47.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850))
  • Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
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Diagnostic Description

Dorsal origin over posterior edge of pupil. Caudal imperfectly rounded. Pectorals short.
  • Hart, J.L. 1973 Pacific fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 180:740 p. (Ref. 6885)
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat Type: Marine

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Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Environment

bathydemersal; marine; depth range 41 - 1800 m (Ref. 50610), usually 500 - 950 m (Ref. 57945)
  • Fedorov, V.V. 2000 Species composition, distribution and habitation depths of the Northern Kuril Islands fish and fish-like species. In: Kotenev, B.N. (ed.), Commercial and biological studies of fishes in the Pacific waters of the Kuril Islands and adjacent areas of the Ok. hotsk and Bering Seas in 1992-1998. VNIRO Publishing, Moscow. Pp. 7-41.
  • Russian Academy of Sciences 2000 Catalog of vertebrates of Kamchatka and adjacent waters. 166 p. (Ref. 50610)
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Depth range based on 170 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 149 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 195.76 - 50000
  Temperature range (°C): 2.364 - 6.429
  Nitrate (umol/L): 37.073 - 44.916
  Salinity (PPS): 34.090 - 34.538
  Oxygen (ml/l): 0.303 - 1.240
  Phosphate (umol/l): 2.962 - 3.485
  Silicate (umol/l): 67.806 - 160.825

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 195.76 - 50000

Temperature range (°C): 2.364 - 6.429

Nitrate (umol/L): 37.073 - 44.916

Salinity (PPS): 34.090 - 34.538

Oxygen (ml/l): 0.303 - 1.240

Phosphate (umol/l): 2.962 - 3.485

Silicate (umol/l): 67.806 - 160.825
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 320 - 1433m.
From 320 to 1433 meters.

Habitat: bathydemersal.
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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Embassichthys bathybius

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 11 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

GATATTGGCACCCTCTATCTCGTATTTGGTGCCTGAGCCGGAATAGTGGGCACAGGCTTAAGTCTGCTTATTCGAGCAGAACTAAGCCAACCTGGGGCTCTCCTAGGAGACGATCAAATTTATAACGTAATCGTCACCGCACACGCCTTTGTAATAATCTTTTTTATGGTAATACCCATTATGATTGGAGGATTCGGAAACTGACTTATCCCCTTAATAATCGGGGCCCCTGACATAGCCTTCCCCCGAATAAATAATATGAGTTTCTGACTTCTCCCCCCGTCCTTTCTACTCCTCTTAGCCTCTTCAGGTGTTGAGGCAGGGGCAGGTACGGGGTGAACAGTATACCCTCCGCTAGCGGGCAATCTAGCCCACGCCGGAGCATCCGTAGACCTGACAATCTTCTCACTACACCTCGCAGGTGTCTCCTCAATCCTGGGGGCTATTAACTTTATTACCACCATTATTAACATAAAACCCGCAACAGTTACCATGTATCAAATCCCCTTATTTGTCTGAGCTGTTCTAATCACTGCTGTTCTTCTACTCCTATCACTACCCGTCTTAGCGGCTGGCATTACGATGCTACTAACAGACCGAAACCTAAACACAACATTCTTTGATCCTGCCGGAGGGGGCGACCCCATCCTCTATCAACACCTGTTCTGATTCTTCGGC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Embassichthys bathybius

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 11
Specimens with Barcodes: 12
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

gamefish: yes
  • Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans 1995 British Columbia tidal waters sport fishing guide 1995-1996. Canadian Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans. (Ref. 11007)
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Wikipedia

Deepsea sole

The deepsea sole, Embassichthys bathybius, is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is a bathydemersal fish that lives on muddy bottoms at depths of between 41 and 1,800 metres (135 and 5,906 ft), though it is most often found at depths of 500 to 950 metres (1,640 to 3,120 ft). Its native habitat is the northern Pacific, from Japan to the Gulf of Alaska and down the Pacific coasts of Canada and the USA as far south as Mexico. It grows up to 47 centimetres (19 in) in length.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Ranier; Pauly, Daniel, eds. (5 June 2009). "Embassichthys bathybius". Fishbase. Retrieved 2009-06-30. 
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