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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs in shallow coastal reef flats, usually found in less than 5 m water depth, but ranges to deep water rubble reefs (Ref. 48635). Benthic (Ref. 58302).
  • Chen, H.-M., K.-T. Shao and C.T. Chen 1994 A review of the muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zool. Stud. 33(1):44-64. (Ref. 6934)
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: South Africa and Oman to the Hawaiian and Society islands, north to the Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to northern Australia and the Loyalty Islands.
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Indo-West Pacific: Oman, East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Society Islands, and Rapa, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia and Norfolk Island.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 0; Vertebrae: 121 - 133
  • Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene 1990 Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
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Size

Maximum size: 505 mm TL
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Max. size

50.5 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334))
  • Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene 1990 Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
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Diagnostic Description

Body light brown, with dendritic pattern. Corner of mouth with a dark brown spot, preceded on lower lip by a large white blotch (often followed by another above and behind corner of mouth); upper and lower jaw pores usually in prominent white spots. Vertebrae 121-133.Description: Characterized by body depth at gill opening about 18-20 in TL; origin of dorsal fin at about midway between gill opening and corner of mouth; anus located near middle of body; single row of jaw teeth in anterior part of jaws; posterior canines usually alternating with 1-2 small teeth; three longest median canines at front of upper jaw; females, side of jaw with two rows of teeth, 1-3 elongate teeth in inner row (no inner teeth in male); front of lower jaw with two rows of teeth, inner row longest (Ref. 90102).
  • Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene 1990 Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
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Description

Usually found in less than 5 m water depth.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 45 m (Ref. 11441), usually ? - 5 m
  • Randall, J.E. 1995 Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. (Ref. 11441)
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Depth range based on 244 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 147 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.15 - 69.7
  Temperature range (°C): 22.496 - 29.058
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.016 - 2.714
  Salinity (PPS): 32.185 - 35.552
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.202 - 5.079
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.044 - 0.507
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.506 - 7.618

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.15 - 69.7

Temperature range (°C): 22.496 - 29.058

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.016 - 2.714

Salinity (PPS): 32.185 - 35.552

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.202 - 5.079

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.044 - 0.507

Silicate (umol/l): 0.506 - 7.618
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 1 - 45m.
From 1 to 45 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Usually found in less than 5 m water depth.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Gymnothorax chilospilus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 7 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACCCTATATTTAGTATTTGGTGCCTGAGCCGGAATGGTCGGCACCGCCTTAAGCCTACTTATTCGAGCTGAGCTAAGCCAGCCCGGGGCTCTCCTAGGTGACGACCAGATTTATAACGTAATCGTAACAGCACATGCCTTCGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAATTATAATTGGAGGTTTCGGAAATTGACTAATCCCTCTTATGATTGGGGCCCCTGATATGGCATTCCCCCGAATAAATAACATAAGCTTCTGGTTACTGCCCCCATCCTTCCTATTACTTCTCGCCTCCTCTGGGGTAGAAGCAGGGGCTGGCACCGGATGAACTGTCTACCCCCCTCTCGCGGGAAACCTGGCCCACGCTGGAGCATCTGTTGATCTAACTATTTTCTCCCTCCACTTAGCTGGGGTTTCATCAATCCTAGGGGCAATCAACTTTATTACAACCATTATTAACATAAAACCTCCCGCCATCACACAATACCAAACACCTTTATTTGTTTGAGCTGTATTAGTTACCGCAGTTCTTCTTTTACTCTCTCTCCCAGTATTGGCAGCTGGTATTACAATGCTTTTAACTGACCGAAATCTCAATACAACTTTCTTTGACCCCGCTGGAGGAGGTGACCCAATTCTCTACCAACACCTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Gymnothorax chilospilus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 7
Specimens with Barcodes: 18
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest
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Wikipedia

Gymnothorax chilospilus

The lipspot moray, textile moray, white-lipped moray, or the white-lipped reef eel,[1] Gymnothorax chilospilus, is a moray eel found in coral reefs in the Pacific and Indian Oceans.[2] It was first named by Pieter Bleeker in 1864.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Common names for Gymnothorax chilospilus at www.fishbase.org.
  2. ^ a b Gymnothorax chilospilus at www.fishbase.org.
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