Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults occur inshore (Ref. 7300), in sandy surf zones; juveniles in shallow surf zones (Ref. 4332). Adults feed on crabs, mussels, and worms (Ref. 5213).
  • Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley 1989 Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
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Distribution

Indian Ocean: Somalia (Ref. 30573) and Kenya to Algoa Bay, South Africa; also Madagascar, Sri Lanka and western Australia.
  • Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1986 Carangidae. p. 638-661. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3197)
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Indian Ocean.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 22 - 24; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 19 - 22
  • Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1986 Carangidae. p. 638-661. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3197)
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Size

Maximum size: 750 mm TL
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Max. size

75.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3197)); max. published weight: 2,300 g (Ref. 3287)
  • Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1986 Carangidae. p. 638-661. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3197)
  • Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1984 Carangidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3287)
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Occurs inshore (Ref. 7300). Adults in sandy surf zones; juveniles in super shallow surf zones (Ref. 4332). Feeds on crabs, mussels, and worms (Ref. 5213).
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Bluish black above, silvery below; 1-5 large spots on or near LL (absent in specimens less than 15 cm, number of spots increasing with age); caudal, 2nd dorsal and anal fins dusky to blue-black, the lobes usually darker (Ref. 3197).
  • Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1986 Carangidae. p. 638-661. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3197)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; brackish; marine
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Trophic Strategy

Occurs inshore (Ref. 7300). Adults in sandy surf zones; juveniles in shallow surf zones (Ref. 4332). Feeds on crabs, mussels, and worms.
  • Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley 1989 Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Trachinotus botla

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trachinotus botla

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 6
Specimens with Barcodes: 12
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Genomic DNA is available from 1 specimen with morphological vouchers housed at Museum of Tropical Queensland
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; price category: medium; price reliability: questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this genus
  • Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter 1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p. (Ref. 171)
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