Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Usually found near the bottom; juveniles occur in surface waters often near bays and river mouths. Form schools. Feed on crustaceans and small fishes (Ref. 4233). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233).
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Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to South Africa, including Madeira and Cape Verde. Replaced by Selene setapinnis in western Atlantic. These two species have not been adequately studied and may prove to be conspecific.
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Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to South Africa, including Madeira and Cape Verde Islands.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 23 - 24; Anal spines: 1 - 3; Analsoft rays: 18 - 20
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Size

Maximum size: 380 mm TL
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Max. size

38.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7193)); max. published weight: 1,500 g (Ref. 27584)
  • Ly, B., M. Diop and M. Girardin 1996 Guide et nomenclature nationale commerciale des especes marines (poissons, crustaces et mollusques) pechees en Mauritanie. Centre National de Recherches Oceanographiques et des Peches, Ministere des Peches et de l'Economie Maritime. 189 p. (Ref. 27584)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=27584&speccode=207 External link.
  • Magnússon, J. and J.V.V. Magnússon 1987 ICEIDA/Cape Verde Islands Fisheries Project. Survey of demersal fish resources in the waters off Cape Verde Islands. IV. Report: summary of information on species. Icelandic International Development Agency/Marine Research Institute. 114 p. (Ref. 7193)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=7193&speccode=379 External link.
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Diagnostic Description

Silvery with faint dusky opercular spot; juveniles with oval black spot over straight lateral line (Ref. 3197).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; brackish; marine; depth range 20 - 100 m (Ref. 4233)
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 25 - 58.5216
  Temperature range (°C): 19.368 - 19.368
  Nitrate (umol/L): 14.682 - 14.682
  Salinity (PPS): 35.542 - 35.542
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.613 - 2.613
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.943 - 0.943
  Silicate (umol/l): 5.416 - 5.416

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 25 - 58.5216
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 20 - 100m.
From 20 to 100 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Trophic Strategy

Feeds on small fish and crustaceans (Ref. 4233).
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
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