Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: pipefish (English), pez-pipa (Espanol)
 
Syngnathus auliscus (Swain, 1882)


Barred pipefish



Snout long 36-50% of head length; head length 7.1-10.1 in SL; ridge along top of snout and head low, no spines along side of snout; adult with no ridge along upper operculum; along side of body ends at level near anus or joins upper or lower tail ridge; upper ridge of body discontinuous with that of tail just behind dorsal fin; ridges along bottom of body and tail joined; body ridges not elevated; body and tail rings 14-16+ 34-39; usually no skin flaps; anal fin 2-4; dorsal fin 26-33, fin low, its origin on trunk; pectoral fin 10-14;  tail fin large, 10; brood pouch under tail, its plates folded inwards.


Generally greenish, frequently with dark midlateral stripe and/or series of dark bars on side.

Reaches maximum size of 19 cm.

Usually among vegetation (or buried in sand at low tide) in bays and estuaries, occasionally among floating Sargassum.


Depth: 0-20 m.


Southern California to the Gulf of California to Peru.
   
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Biology

Usually found among vegetation in bays and estuaries, occasionally among floating Sargassum sp. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
  • Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to the Eastern Pacific region, and is found from Southern California, USA and the Gulf of California, Mexico to northern Peru.
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Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic

Regional Endemism: All species, TEP endemic, Continental TEP endemic, 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic, Continent, Continent only

Residency: Resident

Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California), Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap), Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
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Eastern Pacific: Santa Barbara Channel in southern California, USA to northern Peru.
  • Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
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Eastern Pacific: California to Peru.
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Depth

Depth Range (m): 0 (S) - 20 (S)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Size

Length max (cm): 19.0 (S)
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Size

Maximum size: 180 mm TL
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Max. size

18.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850))
  • Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
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Type Information

Type for Syngnathus auliscus
Catalog Number: USNM 82088
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): R. Tweedlie
Year Collected: 1912
Locality: Chame Point, Panama., Panama, Pacific
  • Type:
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Type for Syngnathus auliscus
Catalog Number: USNM 26807
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): J. Cooper
Locality: San Diego, California, San Diego County, California, United States, Pacific
  • Type:
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This demersal species is usually found among vegetation in bays and estuaries, and occasionally among floating Sargassum species.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

demersal; brackish; marine
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Depth range based on 16 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.21 - 4
  Temperature range (°C): 21.311 - 21.311
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.144 - 0.144
  Salinity (PPS): 34.228 - 34.228
  Oxygen (ml/l): 5.074 - 5.074
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.352 - 0.352
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.264 - 3.264

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.21 - 4
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Salinity: Marine, Brackish

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Bottom, Bottom only

Habitat: Macroalgae, Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove), Soft bottom only, Sand & gravel, Estuary

FishBase Habitat: Demersal
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Trophic Strategy

Feeding

Feeding Group: Carnivore, Planktivore

Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), zooplankton
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Reproduction

Egg Type: Brooded, Pelagic larva
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Syngnathus auliscus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Syngnathus auliscus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Collette, B., Acero, A. & Rojas, P.

Reviewer/s
Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is widespread in the Eastern Pacific. There are no known major threats to this species, and no current indication of significant population decline from coastal development within its range. It is listed as Least Concern.
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IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats known for this species. However, since it is found in estuaries, coastal development may be a local threat to this species in some areas of its range.
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Least Concern (LC)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, this species' distribution falls into a number of Marine Protected Areas in the Eastern Tropical Pacific region (WDPA 2006).
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Wikipedia

Barred pipefish

Barred pipefish, Syngnathus auliscus, is a species of the pipefishes, widespread in the eastern pacific from the Southern California, USA, to northern Peru. Marine / brackishwater subtropical demersal fish, up to 18.0 cm length.

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