Articles on this page are available in 1 other language: Spanish (1) (learn more)

Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults inhabit rocky and coral reefs. Usually in small groups (Ref. 9710). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
  • Randall, J.E. 1972 A revision of the labrid fish genus Anampses. Micronesica 8(1-2):151-190. (Ref. 2677)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

Range Description

This sub-tropical to warm temperate species is known from the south-western and south-eastern Pacific Ocean, from the southern Great Barrier Reef (Queensland), off the northern and sometimes southern mainland coastlines of New South Wales, and at Lord Howe Island, Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs in Australia, and in New Caledonia (Chesterfield Islands) in the south-western Pacific.

It is also reported to be found at Rapa (French Polynesia), and Pitcairn and Easter Islands in the south-eastern Pacific Ocean (Lieske and Myers 1994), though some or all of the latter south-eastern Pacific island localities could represent a different species. There are visual records reported from the Philippines that need to be confirmed (V. Hilomen pers. comm. 2008).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Pacific Ocean: Australia and New Caledonia to Easter Island.
  • Randall, J.E. 1972 A revision of the labrid fish genus Anampses. Micronesica 8(1-2):151-190. (Ref. 2677)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Southwestern Pacific.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 12
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Size

Maximum size: 240 mm TL
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Max. size

24.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334))
  • Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene 1990 Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Type Information

Paratype for Anampses femininus Randall
Catalog Number: USNM 206377
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): J. Randall & et al.
Year Collected: 1969
Locality: Small Bay In Middle of South Coast., Easter Island, Pacific
  • Paratype: Randall, J. E. 1972. Micronesica. 8 (1-2): 176.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species generally occurs in insular and coastal waters around rocky and coral reefs (Coleman 1981) at depths of 10 to 30 m.

Small juveniles are secretive amongst kelp plants, and adults aggregate in small groups in deeper waters just below the kelp line (e.g. around the inshore rocky islands off northern New South Wales in SE Australia) (Kuiter 1996). This species is carnivorous, feeding mainly on crustaceans, but probably also on other benthic macro-invertebrates. It has pronounced sexual colour dimorphism, and is probably a protogynous hermaphrodite (Lieske and Myers 1994).

Systems
  • Marine
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 10 - 30 m (Ref. 9710), usually 10 - 30 m (Ref. 27115)
  • Baensch, H.A. and H. Debelius 1997 Meerwasser atlas. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Postfach 86, 49302, Melle, Germany. 1216 p. 3rd edition. (Ref. 27115)
  • Lieske, E. and R. Myers 1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth range based on 5 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 5 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 3 - 36
  Temperature range (°C): 22.496 - 28.529
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.139 - 0.520
  Salinity (PPS): 34.500 - 35.552
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.536 - 5.079
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.131 - 0.179
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.567 - 3.291

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 3 - 36

Temperature range (°C): 22.496 - 28.529

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.139 - 0.520

Salinity (PPS): 34.500 - 35.552

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.536 - 5.079

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.131 - 0.179

Silicate (umol/l): 0.567 - 3.291
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth: 10 - 30m.
From 10 to 30 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Inhabits rocky and coral reefs. Usually in small groups (Ref. 9710). Distribution - Easter Id. To New South Wales and southern Great Barrier Reef, Australia.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Anampses femininus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Pollard, D.

Reviewer/s
Craig, M.T. & Carpenter, K.E.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is relatively widespread in sub-tropical to warm temperate areas of the south-western Pacific. At least in eastern Australia and New Caledonia, populations have shown no signs of any declines. As there are few or no major threats to its populations, and it is protected in MPAs in this area, it is therefore listed as Least Concern. However, its presence in the Philippines needs to be confirmed.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Population

Population
In New Caledonia, 98 individuals were recorded in UVC surveys at the Chesterfield Reefs (M. Kubicki pers. comm. 2008). This species is relatively uncommon in SE Australian mainland coastal waters. In French Polynesia this species is considered uncommon.

Population Trend
Stable
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Threats

Major Threats
There are no known major threats to this species, though it is occasionally taken for the marine aquarium fish trade.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Least Concern (LC)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species, though it is probably well protected within a number of Marine Protected Areas within its distribution, at least in Australia.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!