Data about <i>Pimephales promelas</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Pimephales promelas.

Distribution

Data about <i>Pimephales promelas</i>
native range includes
Additional detail Canada Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mexico Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail USA Global Invasive Species Listings  
introduced range includes
Additional detail Belgium Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail France Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Iran Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Puerto Rico Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United Kingdom Global Invasive Species Listings  
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
latitude min
Additional detail 24.79 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 50.55 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
longitude min
Additional detail -123 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail -68.6 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail North America: Over much of North America from Quebec to Northwest Territories, Canada and south to Alabama, Texas and New Mexico, USA. Also in Mexico. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction. FishBase  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Pimephales promelas</i>
body length (CMO)
Additional detail 10.1 cm male or unsexed FishBase  

Ecology

Data about <i>Pimephales promelas</i>
habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail aquatic habitat Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ditch
  • ditch
    A small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000037
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail drainage basin
  • drainage basin
    A regions or area bounded by drainage divides and occupied by a drainage system; specifically the tract of country that gathers water originating as precipitation and contributes it to a particular stream channel or system of channels, or to a lake, reservoir, or other body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000291
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail headwater
  • headwater
    The upper part of a river system, denoting the upper basin and source streams of a river.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000153
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine biome
  • marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mount
  • mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mountain
  • mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mud
  • mud
    A liquid or semi-liquid mixture of water and some combination of soil, silt, and clay.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000001
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mud
  • mud
    A liquid or semi-liquid mixture of water and some combination of soil, silt, and clay.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000001
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plain
  • plain
    A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pond
  • pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pond
  • pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pothole Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail prairie
  • prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail reservoir
  • reservoir
    An artificial body of water, often contained by a dam, constructed for the purpose of water storage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000025
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river
  • river
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sediment
  • sediment
    Sediment is an environmental substance comprised of any particulate matter that can be transported by fluid flow and which eventually is deposited as a layer of solid particles on the bedor bottom of a body of water or other liquid.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002007
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shoreline
  • shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail silt Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail slope
  • slope
    The part of an elevation or depression between the relatively flat surrounding area and the peak of a mount or the bottom of a depression.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002000
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Small lake biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Small river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wood Environments - EOL project  
habitat
Additional detail freshwater environment FishBase  
Additional detail marine benthic biome
  • marine benthic biome
    The marine benthic biome (benthic meaning 'bottom') encompasses the seafloor and includes such areas as shores, littoral or intertidal areas, marine coral reefs, and the deep seabed.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000024
FishBase  
Additional detail non-marine IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
interacts with
Additional detail Bluntnose Minnows GloBI  
Additional detail Carps and Minnows GloBI  
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
interacts with
Additional detail Bluntnose Minnows GloBI  
Additional detail Carps and Minnows GloBI  
Additional detail Creeper GloBI  
Additional detail Fathead Minnow GloBI  
Additional detail Fathead Minnow GloBI  
Additional detail Freshwater Mussel GloBI  
Additional detail Razorback Sucker GloBI  
Additional detail Razorback Suckers GloBI  
Additional detail Strophitus GloBI  
Additional detail Suckers GloBI  
Additional detail Unionoidea GloBI  
  • has parasite
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasParasite
has parasite
Additional detail Acanthocephalus GloBI  
Additional detail Acanthocephalus dirus GloBI  
Additional detail Allocreadiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Allocreadium GloBI  
Additional detail Allocreadium lobatum GloBI  
Additional detail Ascaridoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Bothriocephalidae GloBI  
Additional detail Bothriocephalus GloBI  
Additional detail Bothriocephalus acheilognathi GloBI  
Additional detail Centrocestus GloBI  
Additional detail Centrocestus formosanus GloBI  
Additional detail Clinostomatidae GloBI  
Additional detail Clinostomidae GloBI  
Additional detail Clinostomum GloBI  
Additional detail Clinostomum complanatum GloBI  
Additional detail Clinostomum marginatum GloBI  
Additional detail Crassiphiala GloBI  
Additional detail Crassiphiala bulboglossa GloBI  
Additional detail Dactylogyridae GloBI  
Additional detail Dactylogyrus GloBI  
Additional detail Diphyllobothriidae GloBI  
Additional detail Diplostomidae GloBI  
Additional detail Diplostomum GloBI  
Additional detail Diplostomum spathaceum GloBI  
Additional detail Discocotylidae GloBI  
Additional detail Echinorhynchidae GloBI  
Additional detail Gyrodactylidae GloBI  
Additional detail Gyrodactylus GloBI  
Additional detail Heterophyidae GloBI  
Additional detail Ligula GloBI  
Additional detail Ligula intestinalis GloBI  
Additional detail Neoechinorhynchidae GloBI  
Additional detail Neoechinorhynchus GloBI  
Additional detail Neoechinorhynchus rutili GloBI  
Additional detail Octomacridae GloBI  
Additional detail Octomacrum GloBI  
Additional detail Octomacrum lanceatum GloBI  
Additional detail Octomacrum semotili GloBI  
Additional detail Opecoelidae GloBI  
Additional detail Ornithodiplostomum GloBI  
Additional detail Ornithodiplostomum ptychocheilus GloBI  
Additional detail Plagioporus GloBI  
Additional detail Plagioporus sinitsini GloBI  
Additional detail Posthodiplostomum GloBI  
Additional detail Posthodiplostomum minimum GloBI  
Additional detail Raphidascarididae GloBI  
Additional detail Raphidascaridinae GloBI  
Additional detail Raphidascaridinea GloBI  
Additional detail Raphidascaris GloBI  
Additional detail Raphidascaris acus GloBI  
Additional detail Schistosomatoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Tanaorhamphus GloBI  
Additional detail Triaenophoridae GloBI  
Additional detail Triaenophorus GloBI  
Additional detail Triaenophorus nodulosus GloBI  
Additional detail Uvulifer GloBI  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Pimephales promelas</i>
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 4,500 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
onset of fertility
Additional detail 60 days female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 60 days male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
total life span max
Additional detail 2 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
prenatal development duration
Additional detail 5 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
life span max
Additional detail 5 years FishBase  

Conservation

Data about <i>Pimephales promelas</i>
population trend
Additional detail Stable IUCN  
conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
extinction status
Additional detail extant IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  

Database and Repository Coverage

Data about <i>Pimephales promelas</i>
type specimen repository
Additional detail Museum of Comparative Zoology Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard  
Additional detail Museum of Comparative Zoology Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard  
Additional detail Museum of Comparative Zoology Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard  
Additional detail Museum of Comparative Zoology Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  

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