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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). A rare inhabitant of rocky bottoms of deep offshore reefs. Normally found on soft-bottom or muddy substrates with rich rubble ridges amongst rich invertebrate growth, especially sponges (Ref. 48635). Sold fresh in small quantities in markets. Also found among soft corals, solitary or in small groups (Ref 90102).
  • Eschmeyer, W.N. 1986 Scorpaenidae. p. 463-478. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4313)
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Durban in South Africa, Sri Lanka, India, New Guinea and Solomon Islands. First recorded in the northeastern Indian Ocean from Indonesia and Australia (Ref. 5978).
  • Eschmeyer, W.N. 1986 Scorpaenidae. p. 463-478. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4313)
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Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa east to Indonesia and northern Australia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 6 - 7
  • Eschmeyer, W.N. 1986 Scorpaenidae. p. 463-478. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4313)
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Size

Maximum size: 160 mm SL
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Max. size

20.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635))
  • Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka 2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p. (Ref. 48635)
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Diagnostic Description

Reddish brown with alternating broad and thin dark bars separated by white; dark spot on cheek; small tentacle above eye which may be banded; upper half of pectorals with large dark spots on inner surface (Ref. 4313).Description: Characterized by having each dorsal spine free of membrane except basally; enlarged and wing-like pectoral fins with upper rays free of membrane on outer one-fourth to one-half, unbranched rays; depth of body about 2.7 in SL (Ref 90102).
  • Eschmeyer, W.N. 1986 Scorpaenidae. p. 463-478. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4313)
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Description

Rare. Found apparently on deeper reefs over rocky bottoms. Sold fresh in small quantities in markets.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 10 - 70 m (Ref. 90102), usually 40 - ? m (Ref. 9710)
  • Lieske, E. and R. Myers 1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Depth range based on 8 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 4 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 3.05 - 100
  Temperature range (°C): 25.737 - 26.770
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.218 - 3.114
  Salinity (PPS): 35.048 - 36.032
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.462 - 4.554
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.152 - 0.546
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.271 - 4.277

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 3.05 - 100

Temperature range (°C): 25.737 - 26.770

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.218 - 3.114

Salinity (PPS): 35.048 - 36.032

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.462 - 4.554

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.152 - 0.546

Silicate (umol/l): 3.271 - 4.277
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 60m.
Recorded at 60 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Pterois mombasae

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 5 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CCTGTATCTAGTATTTGGTGCCTGAGCCGGTATAGTAGGCACAGCCTTGAGCCTACTTATTCGAGCAGAACTTAGTCAACCAGGCGCCCTGTTAGGGGATGACCAGATCTATAATGTAATTGTTACAGCCCATGCGTTCGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATCATGATTGGAGGTTTTGGAAACTGACTTATCCCATTAATGATCGGGGCACCAGACATAGCATTTCCTCGTATAAATAACATAAGCTTTTGACTCCTTCCCCCCTCTTTTCTACTTCTTCTAGCCTCTTCGGGGGTTGAAGCAGGGGCTGGAACAGGTTGAACAGTCTACCCGCCCTTGGCGGGCAACCTTGCCCACGCGGGGGCATCTGTAGACCTAACAATTTTTTCCTTGCACTTAGCAGGTATTTCATCAATTCTAGGGGCCATTAACTTTATCACAACAATTATTAACATGAAACCCCCAGCAATTTCTCAGTACCAGACTCCTTTATTTGTATGGGCTGTTTTAATTACGGCAGTTCTTCTACTTCTTTCACTACCAGTCCTTGCCGCTGGTATTACAATGCTACTCACTGATCGAAACCTTAATACCACCTTCTTCGACCCGGCAGGGGGAGGAGACCCGATTCTTTACCAACACCTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pterois mombasae

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 6
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: high; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
  • Poss, S.G. and K.V. Rama Rao 1984 Scorpaenidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 4. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3503)
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Wikipedia

Frillfin turkeyfish

The frillfin turkeyfish (Pterois mombasae) is a fish found in the tropical Indian Ocean and the Western Pacific, typically in soft-bottomed areas of the ocean, often in conjunction with invertebrate growth (for example, sponges). It grows to a maximum size of 20 cm, and is of moderate commercial value.

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