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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs in lagoons, reef flats and seaward reefs (Ref. 1602, 48635). Prefers protected inshore waters among dead corals, common in harbors and small caves (Ref. 30404). Probably nocturnal (Ref. 1602). Feeds on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 9710). Possibly a protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 32169). Current age of a captive individual is 18 years, which exceeds 100 cm and approximately 10 lbs (owner Mark Palermo, pers. comm. 07/12).
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Madagascar (Ref. 33390) to the Society Islands, north to southern Japan (Ref. 559), south to Queensland, Australia; throughout Micronesia.
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Mariana Islands, Marquesas Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia at 20°30'S, southern Queensland (Australia) and New Cale
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Physical Description

Morphology

Vertebrae: 128 - 142
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Size

Maximum size: 800 mm TL
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Max. size

80.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602))
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Occurs in lagoons, reef flats, and seaward reefs to depths of at least 26 m. Probably nocturnal (Ref. 1602). Feeds on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 9710).
  • Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2014). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Adults pale with small black spots on face; black spots proportionally much larger in young (Ref. 30404).Description: Characterized by generally pale tan or greyish brown color; frequently with yellow hue on head; highly variable pattern of widely spaced, irregular dark brown to black spots and partial bars on body and fins; body depth at gill opening 14-18 in TL; high dorsal fin; dorsal fin origin slightly anterior to gill opening; anus slightly anterior to middle of body; narrow jaws, lower slightly curved; front jaw teeth in single row; anterior canines of upper jaw alternating with small pointed teeth; short inner row of canines at side of upper jaw; two pairs of elongate canines anteriorly in lower jaw (Ref 90102).
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 7 - 50 m (Ref. 90102)
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Depth range based on 159 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 123 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.2 - 78
  Temperature range (°C): 24.659 - 29.336
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.016 - 2.632
  Salinity (PPS): 32.200 - 36.148
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.290 - 4.883
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.083 - 0.351
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.974 - 7.618

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.2 - 78

Temperature range (°C): 24.659 - 29.336

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.016 - 2.632

Salinity (PPS): 32.200 - 36.148

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.290 - 4.883

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.083 - 0.351

Silicate (umol/l): 0.974 - 7.618
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 45m.
Recorded at 45 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Often with coral reefs (Ref. 9137).
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Protogyny unconfirmed (Ref. 84746).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Gymnothorax fimbriatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

TCGGCACTGCACTAAGTCTCCTTATCCGGGCAGAACTCAGCCAGCCTGGTGCCCTTTTAGGTGACGACCAGATCTATAATGTTATTGTTACAGCACATGCATTCGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCTGTTATAATTGGAGGCTTTGGAAACTGGCTTATTCCACTAATAATTGGCGCTCCTGATATAGCATTCCCTCGAATAAACAATATGAGCTTCTGACTTCTTCCCCCTTCCTTCCTTCTACTTTTAGCCTCCTCTGGGGTTGAAGCAGGAGCAGGAACCGGATGAACTGTTTACCCCCCTCTTGCAGGAAACCTCGCACATGCAGGAGCCTCTGTAGATCTAACCATCTTCTCCCTTCATCTAGCAGGAGTATCCTCTATCTTAGGGGCAATCAACTTTATTACTACTATCATTAACATAAAACCCCCAGCCATTACACAGTACCAAACACCACTATTTGTTTGAGCGGTACTGGTTACTGCAGTTCTTCTTTTACTCTCCCTTCCGGTACTAGCGGCTGGAATCACGATACTGCTAACCGATCGAAACCTGAATACTACCTTCTGTGACCCTGCTG
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Gymnothorax fimbriatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: subsistence fisheries
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Wikipedia

Fimbriated moray

The fimbriated moray (Gymnothorax fimbriatus) also known as darkspotted moray or spot-face moray is a moray eel of the family Muraenidae.

Description[edit]

Gymnothorax fimbriatus is a medium-sized moray which can reach a maximum length of 80 cm.[1] Its serpentine in shape body has a white cream to light brown background color dotted with numerous black spots which latter vary in size and shape depending on the individual and maturity. Its head has a tapered snout and it's greenish yellow with black dots, the corners of the mouth are white.

Distribution & habitat[edit]

The spot-face moray is widespread trough out the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific area, mainly on the coastal reefs of oceanic islands from Madagascar to Polynesia and from south Japan to New Caledonia.[2][3][4]

It lives in protected area on the outer slopes of coral reefs, top reefs, lagoons and harbours the day it sits sheltered in crevices between 1 and 50 meters deep.[5]

Biology[edit]

The fimbriated moray is carnivorous, it leaves its lair at night to actively hunt its preys along the reef. It feeds mainly on small fish and crustaceans.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.
  2. ^ http://doris.ffessm.fr/fiche2.asp?fiche_numero=1568&fiche_etat=4&origine=
  3. ^ Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text).
  4. ^ Chen, H.-M., K.-T. Shao and C.T. Chen, 1994. A review of the muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zool. Stud. 33(1):44-64.
  5. ^ Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann, 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research.

External links[edit]


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