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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Often found in weedy areas of coastal reefs (Ref. 9710) and trawling grounds. The flesh is good for human consumption.
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Indo-Malayan region to Australia, north to Japan.
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Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 25 - 26; Analsoft rays: 23 - 24
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Size

Maximum size: 310 mm TL
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Max. size

31.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3132))
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Diagnostic Description

Description: Characterized by mottled brown color with wavy brown, horizontal lines on side; origin of first dorsal spine slightly behind eye; concave dorsal and ventral profile of snout; depth of body at origin of anal fin about 1.4 in SL; scattered blunt and pointed barbs and branched fleshy skin flaps on first dorsal spine; presence of numerous large, densely branched dermal flaps around dorsal and ventral profile of head and body; small and fan-shaped pectoral fins; more or less rounded caudal fin (Ref. 90102).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 2 - 25 m (Ref. 90102)
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Depth range based on 271 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 122 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 10.0858 - 78
  Temperature range (°C): 24.169 - 28.385
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.164 - 3.459
  Salinity (PPS): 34.364 - 35.483
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.906 - 4.793
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.083 - 0.448
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.736 - 7.484

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 10.0858 - 78

Temperature range (°C): 24.169 - 28.385

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.164 - 3.459

Salinity (PPS): 34.364 - 35.483

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.906 - 4.793

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.083 - 0.448

Silicate (umol/l): 0.736 - 7.484
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Chaetodermis penicilligerus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACCCGTTGACTCTTTTCAACCAATCACAAAGACATCGGCACCCTGTATATAATCTTTGGTGCCTGAGCCGGAATAGTAGGAACTGCCTTG---AGCCTACTTATTCGAGCAGAGCTAAGCCAACCCGGCGCCCTCCTTGGGGAT---GACCAAATTTATAACGTAATTGTAACCGCTCACGCTTTTGTAATAATCTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAATTATAATTGGCGGCTTCGGAAACTGGCTGATCCCGCTAATG---ATCGGGGCCCCAGACATGGCCTTCCCCCGTATGAATAACATGAGTTTTTGACTGCTCCCCCCTTCTTTCCTTCTTCTCCTTGCATCCTCAGGGGTAGAAGCCGGGGCTGGGACCGGATGGACAGTTTACCCGCCTCTCGCAGGCAACTTGGCCCACGCGGGCGCATCCGTTGATTTA---ACCATCTTTTCCCTGCATTTAGCCGGAATCTCATCAATTTTGGGTGCTATTAATTTTATTACCACCATTATTAATATGAAGCCCCCTGCTATCTCTCAATATCAGACGCCCCTATTTGTCTGAGCTGTGCTAATTACAGCAGTCCTTCTCCTGCTCTCACTACCGGTTCTAGCCGCA---GGCATCACAATACTCCTAACTGATCGAAACCTGAATACAACCTTCTTCGACCCCGCAGGAGGCGGAGACCCAATCTTATACCAACACTTGTTCTGATTCTTCGGGCACCCCGAAGTGTACATTCTTATCCTCCCGGGCTTCGGAATGATTTCGCACATTGTAGCCTATTACTCTGGTAAAAAA---GAGCCTTTCGGCTACATGGGCATGGTGTGAGCAATGATGGCAATTGGGCTCCTCGGCTTCATCGTATGGGCCCATCACATGTTCACAGTCGGAATGGACGTGGACACTCGAGCCTACTTTACCTCCGCCACAATAATTATTGCCATCCCAACAGGGGTAAAAGTATTTAGCTGACTG---GCAACCCTTCACGGGGGG---GCTATTAAATGAGAAACCCCACTGCTGTGAGCTCTCGGGTTCATTTTCCTATTTACAGTAGGCGGCCTAACCGGAATTGTACTAGCAAACTCCTCCCTAGACATTGTACTACACGACACCTACTACGTAGTGGCCCACTTCCATTACGTC---CTATCAATAGGCGCTGTATTCGCCATTGTAGCAGCCTTCGTGCATTGATTCCCGCTATTCTCAGGATACACACTTCACGACACTTGAACAAAAGTCCACTTTGGGGTTATGTTCGCCGGGGTAAACTTAACATTCTTTCCCCAACACTTCCTAGGACTTGCAGGAATGCCTCGA---CGATACTCGGACTATCCAGACGCCTATACT---TTATGAAACACTGTCTCTTCTATTGGCTCACTTATCTCCCTGGTCGCTGTAATTATGTTCCTATTCATTATTTGGGAAGCATTTGCAGCTAAACGAGAAGTA---CTGTCAGTCGAACTAGCATCAACAAAC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Chaetodermis penicilligerus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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