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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Often found in weedy areas of coastal reefs (Ref. 9710) and trawling grounds. The flesh is good for human consumption.
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Indo-Malayan region to Australia, north to Japan.
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Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 25 - 26; Analsoft rays: 23 - 24
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Size

Maximum size: 310 mm TL
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Max. size

31.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3132))
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine
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Depth range based on 271 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 122 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 10.0858 - 78
  Temperature range (°C): 24.169 - 28.385
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.164 - 3.459
  Salinity (PPS): 34.364 - 35.483
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.906 - 4.793
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.083 - 0.448
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.736 - 7.484

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 10.0858 - 78

Temperature range (°C): 24.169 - 28.385

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.164 - 3.459

Salinity (PPS): 34.364 - 35.483

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.906 - 4.793

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.083 - 0.448

Silicate (umol/l): 0.736 - 7.484
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Chaetodermis penicilligerus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACCCGTTGACTCTTTTCAACCAATCACAAAGACATCGGCACCCTGTATATAATCTTTGGTGCCTGAGCCGGAATAGTAGGAACTGCCTTG---AGCCTACTTATTCGAGCAGAGCTAAGCCAACCCGGCGCCCTCCTTGGGGAT---GACCAAATTTATAACGTAATTGTAACCGCTCACGCTTTTGTAATAATCTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAATTATAATTGGCGGCTTCGGAAACTGGCTGATCCCGCTAATG---ATCGGGGCCCCAGACATGGCCTTCCCCCGTATGAATAACATGAGTTTTTGACTGCTCCCCCCTTCTTTCCTTCTTCTCCTTGCATCCTCAGGGGTAGAAGCCGGGGCTGGGACCGGATGGACAGTTTACCCGCCTCTCGCAGGCAACTTGGCCCACGCGGGCGCATCCGTTGATTTA---ACCATCTTTTCCCTGCATTTAGCCGGAATCTCATCAATTTTGGGTGCTATTAATTTTATTACCACCATTATTAATATGAAGCCCCCTGCTATCTCTCAATATCAGACGCCCCTATTTGTCTGAGCTGTGCTAATTACAGCAGTCCTTCTCCTGCTCTCACTACCGGTTCTAGCCGCA---GGCATCACAATACTCCTAACTGATCGAAACCTGAATACAACCTTCTTCGACCCCGCAGGAGGCGGAGACCCAATCTTATACCAACACTTGTTCTGATTCTTCGGGCACCCCGAAGTGTACATTCTTATCCTCCCGGGCTTCGGAATGATTTCGCACATTGTAGCCTATTACTCTGGTAAAAAA---GAGCCTTTCGGCTACATGGGCATGGTGTGAGCAATGATGGCAATTGGGCTCCTCGGCTTCATCGTATGGGCCCATCACATGTTCACAGTCGGAATGGACGTGGACACTCGAGCCTACTTTACCTCCGCCACAATAATTATTGCCATCCCAACAGGGGTAAAAGTATTTAGCTGACTG---GCAACCCTTCACGGGGGG---GCTATTAAATGAGAAACCCCACTGCTGTGAGCTCTCGGGTTCATTTTCCTATTTACAGTAGGCGGCCTAACCGGAATTGTACTAGCAAACTCCTCCCTAGACATTGTACTACACGACACCTACTACGTAGTGGCCCACTTCCATTACGTC---CTATCAATAGGCGCTGTATTCGCCATTGTAGCAGCCTTCGTGCATTGATTCCCGCTATTCTCAGGATACACACTTCACGACACTTGAACAAAAGTCCACTTTGGGGTTATGTTCGCCGGGGTAAACTTAACATTCTTTCCCCAACACTTCCTAGGACTTGCAGGAATGCCTCGA---CGATACTCGGACTATCCAGACGCCTATACT---TTATGAAACACTGTCTCTTCTATTGGCTCACTTATCTCCCTGGTCGCTGTAATTATGTTCCTATTCATTATTTGGGAAGCATTTGCAGCTAAACGAGAAGTA---CTGTCAGTCGAACTAGCATCAACAAAC
-- end --

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Chaetodermis penicilligerus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Wikipedia

Chaetodermis penicilligerus

Chaetodermis penicilligerus, also known as the Prickly leather-jacket or Tasselled Leather-jacket, is a demersal Marine fish belonging to the family Monacanthidae. It occasionally makes its way into the marine aquarium fish trade.

Description[edit]

The Prickly leather-jacket is a medium sized fish which grows up to 31 cm.[1] The body is highly compressed laterally, stocky, the mouth is terminal,the head size is big proportionally to the body. Dermal appendages are visible mainly on the body's margin and also on the sides. They are part of the fish camouflage system

Distribution & habitat[edit]

It is widely distributed throughout the tropical waters of the Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Persian Gulf and South Africa excluded, to the central island of the Pacific Ocean.[2]

The background coloration of the body is light brown or sand-colored with dark longitudinal lines and blotches outlined with blue. The Tasselled Leather-jacket has two erectile dorsal spines. Its dorsal, anal and caudal fin are translucent but only the rays are a bit darker and visible.

Distribution & habitat[edit]

It is widely distributed throughout the tropical waters of the center of the Indo-West Pacific.[3] Chaetodermis penicilligerus lives in lagoons and coastal areas with seagrass beds in which it's quite easy for the fish to dissimulate from the surface until 20 metres (66 ft).[4]

Feeding[edit]

The Tasselled Leather-jacket is feeding mainly on algaes and small marine invertebrates.

Behavior[edit]

The Prickly leather-jacket is solitary and has a diurnal activity.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://eol.org/pages/211326/details#size
  2. ^ http://www.fishbase.org/summary/6448
  3. ^ http://fishbase.mnhn.fr/summary/7975
  4. ^ http://fishbase.mnhn.fr/summary/7975
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