Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

FishBase

Name Relationship
Premnas biaculeatus (Bloch, 1790) Preferred
Chaetodon biaculeatus Bloch, 1790 Synonym
Holocentrus sonnerat Lacepède, 1802
Lutianus trifasciatus Schneider, 1801
Premnas epigrammata Fowler, 1904
Premnas gibbosus Castelnau, 1875
Premnas semicinctus Cuvier, 1830
Premnas unicolor Cuvier, 1829
Sargus ensifer Gronow, 1854

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Premnas biaculeatus (Bloch, 1790) Preferred
Sargus ensifer Gronow, 1854
Chaetodon biaculeatus Bloch, 1790
Lutianus trifasciatus Schneider, 1801
Premnas unicolor Cuvier, 1829
Premnas epigrammata Fowler, 1904
Premnas gibbosus Castelnau, 1875
Premnas semicínctus Cuvier, 1830
Holocentrus sonnerat Lacepède, 1802

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Premnas biaculeatus (Bloch, 1790) Preferred
Abudefduf biaculeatus (Bloch, 1790) Subsequent name/combination
Sargus ensifer Gronow in Gray, 1854 Junior synonym
Premnas epigrammata Fowler, 1904
Premnas gibbosus Castelnau, 1875
Premnas semicinctus Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Holocentrus sonnerat Lacépède, 1802
Lutianus trifasciatus Schneider in Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Premnas unicolor Cuvier, 1829

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Premnas biaculeatus Preferred
Premnas biaculeatus (Bloch, 1790)

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