IUCN threat status:

Data Deficient (DD)

Comprehensive Description

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Description

  Common names: grouper (English), cabrilla (Espanol), mero (Espanol)
 
Epinephelus exsul (Fowler, 1944)

Ten-spine grouper,     Black grouper

Body robust, compressed; rear nostril shaped like an inverted teardrop, larger than front nostril; end of top jaw exposed; operculum edge with 3 flat spines; preoperculum without spines; 24-27 gill rakers;  dorsal fin X, 13-14,  second & third spines long, 2nd  the longest; anal fin with III spines, 9 rays; pectoral 18-20 rays; lateral line complete, ending at tail base, smoothly arched; scales rough, small, 64-68 on lateral line.



Adult: grey brown; juvenile grey-brown body and fins with large round white spots on body, and bases of dorsal and anal fins; dorsal, anal and pelvics darker than body; outer 2/3 of tail and pectoral fins pale; adults and juveniles with dark line along margin of top jaw.



Size: 125 cm.

Habitat: rocky habitat.

Depth: 35-450 m.

SE Gulf of California to Panama.   

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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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