Overview

Distribution

Western Atlantic: Georges Bank to Uruguay
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Western Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951) to Georgia, USA to Uruguay.
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Western Atlantic.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 74 - 84; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 60 - 68
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Size

Maximum size: 100 mm TL
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Max. size

10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251))
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Ecology

Habitat

benthic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

bathydemersal; marine; depth range 30 - 400 m (Ref. 7251), usually 140 - 400 m (Ref. 7251)
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Depth range based on 172 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 102 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 274
  Temperature range (°C): 11.916 - 26.799
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.166 - 19.428
  Salinity (PPS): 35.162 - 37.286
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.063 - 4.943
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.090 - 1.244
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.942 - 10.872

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 274

Temperature range (°C): 11.916 - 26.799

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.166 - 19.428

Salinity (PPS): 35.162 - 37.286

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.063 - 4.943

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.090 - 1.244

Silicate (umol/l): 0.942 - 10.872
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 30 - 400m.
From 30 to 400 meters.

Habitat: bathydemersal.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Citharichthys cornutus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Wikipedia

Horned whiff

The horned whiff (Citharichthys cornutus) is a species of flatfish in the large-tooth flounder family Paralichthyidae. This bathydemersal marine fish inhabits the continental shelves of the western Atlantic Ocean, in both tropical and subtropical waters. It ranges from New Jersey in the north to Uruguay in the south, though larvae samples have also been collected off the coast of Canada.[1] It occurs at depths between 30 and 400 metres (98 and 1,300 ft), though it is usually found in deeper waters.

Like the rest of the large-tooth flounders, it has both eyes on the left side of its head. It grows to a maximum length of 9.1 cm (3.6 in).[1] It is similar in appearance to the anglefin whiff and Citharichthys amblybregmatus, both of which are sympatric species. All three species display sexual dimorphism, with the males displaying several secondary sex characteristics.[2]

Due to its diminutive size and the abundance of larger flatfishes, it is of no commercial importance, and is rarely collected. As a result, the fishes' morphology and ecology is known only from a limited number of collected samples.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Thomas A. Munroe, Steve W. Ross (2010). "Distribution and life history of two diminutive flatfishes, Citharichthys gymnorhinus and C. cornutus (Pleuronectiformes: Paralichthyidae), in the western North Atlantic" (PDF). Fishery Bulletin 108 (3): 323–345. 
  2. ^ Elmer J. Gutherz and Robbin R. Blackman (1970). "Two New Species of the Flatfish Genus Citharichthys (Bothidae) from the Western North Atlantic". Copeia (2): 340–348. 
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