Regularity: Regularly occurring
Type of Residency: Year-round
- Lamb, A. and P. Edgell 1986 Coastal fishes of the Pacific northwest. Harbour Publishing Co. Ltd., B.C., Canada. 224 p. (Ref. 27436)
- Clemens, W.A. and G.V. Wilby 1961 Fishes of the Pacific coast of Canada. 2nd ed. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada Bull. (68):443 p. (Ref. 4925)
- Shanks, A.L. and G.L. Eckert 2005 Population persistence of California Current fishes and benthic crustaceans: a marine drift paradox. Ecol. Monogr. 75:505-524. (Ref. 56049)
Catalog Number: USNM 4470
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Locality: San Francisco, San Francisco County, California, United States, Pacific
Habitat Type: Marine
- Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
Depth range (m): 1.6775 - 9
Depth range (m): 1.6775 - 9
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
Recorded at 49 meters.
Habitat: demersal. Found in rocky areas, intertidal to 49 m. Rarely caught on baited hook. Commonly encountered hovering motionless by divers.
Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Oxylebius pictus
Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Oxylebius pictus
Public Records: 14
Specimens with Barcodes: 16
Species With Barcodes: 1
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked
The painted greenling, Oxylebius pictus, is a marine fish native to the northeast Pacific Ocean. Its range is from Kodiak Island, Alaska to central Baja California. It can reach a total size of 25 cm (10 in) and has seven vertical dark bands. It inhabits rocky areas shallower than 50 m (160 ft). Specimens (mainly juveniles) sometimes gain protection from larger predators by living among the tentacles of Cribrinopsis albopunctata or Urticina piscivora sea anemones, which are venomous to other animals but do not harm the painted greenling.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Oxylebius pictus" in FishBase. February 2006 version.
- Fretwell, K.; and B. Starzomski (2014). Painted greenling. Biodiversity of the Central Coast. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- Cowles, D. (2005). Urticina piscivora (Sebens and Laakso, 1977). Rosario Beach Marine Laboratory. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
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