IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: flounder (English), sole (English), lenguado (Espanol)
Hippoglossina stomata Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1890

Bigmouth sole,     Bigmouth flounder

Body elongate, height 38-42% of SL; head length 29-36% of SL; eyes on left side, parallel, large, close together;  mouth long, 47-50% head length, ends under rear edge of lower eye; teeth small, ~ equal sized, equally developed on both jaws; gill rakers long and slender, 15-21; 63-70 dorsal rays, origin of dorsal over top eye; 47-55 anal rays; pectoral short, eye-side fin ~ 50% length of head; bases of pelvics symmetric on sides, urinary papilla on eye side, immediately behind level of anus; lateral line extending onto head, with branches to upper eye and below lower eye, strongly arched over pectoral fin; scales large, without small accessory scales; eye side scales rough, blind side scales rough rearwards from middle to end of lateral line arch; 67-84 lateral line scales.

Eye side grey-brown, with blue reflections, many blue and pale brown spots, 5 dark brown ocelli along upper and lower body profiles, alternate ocelli most intense, dorsal and anal mottled dark and light, a dark spot on both sides of tail fin base; blind side white, dark spots on caudal peduncle.

Size: 40 cm.

Habitat: soft bottoms.

Depth: 3-140 m.

California to the Gulf of California.


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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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