IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: flounder (English), sole (English), lenguado (Espanol)
Xystreurys liolepis Jordan & Gilbert, 1880

Fantail sole,     Fantail flounder

Body deep, height 50-55% of SL; head small 25% of SL, snout short; eyes on left side,  close together; mouth 36-38% of head length, ends under middle lower eye; teeth small, conical, 1 row each jaw, better developed on blind side;  8-9 short, fat gill rakers; dorsal 73-80 rays, origin over front half of top eye; anal 57-62 rays; eye side pectoral equal to or longer than head; pelvics in symmetric position on belly, of equal sizes; lateral line strongly arched over pectoral fin, with branch under lower eye; urinary papilla on eye-side; scales on both sides of body smooth, small scales dispersed between large scales; lateral line with 120-123 scales.

Eye side grey-brown, streaked with darker brown and small pale spots; sometimes 2 large dark blotches on lateral line, 1 at end of arch, other before tail base; dorsal, anal and tail with dark spots, pectorals with dark bars; blind side white.

Size: 53 cm.

Habitat: mud and sand bottoms.

Depth: 5-136 m.

Southern California to the Gulf of California.


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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